IUCN threat status:

Endangered (EN)

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Biology

The Cyclades blunt-nosed viper is nocturnal from early summer until mid-September (2), and more diurnal during the rest of the year (4). Lizards and birds have been recorded in the diet in the wild, with juveniles feeding just on lizards and adults more on birds (2). These snakes also eat mice and insects in captivity, but no wild rodents are found in the western Cyclades (Milos, Kimolos, Polyaigos) (4). Although predominantly ground-dwelling, this snake will climb trees to ambush birds. Hunting takes place near water pools during spring and in trees during autumn, following the migratory cycle and changing habitats used by the birds throughout the year (2). The female reproductive cycle is biennial, with mating activity seemingly concentrated around mid-May, although it may extend to mid-August (2). The species is oviparous (2), with approximately 10 to 12 eggs being laid per clutch in captivity (4). Little else is known about the behavioural ecology of this snake in the wild.

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Source: ARKive

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