Overview

Comprehensive Description

Brief

"Distinct head, snout elongate. Granular dorsum with spines on the sides of the body. Tubercles on the dorsum. Ventral scales smooth. 14-18 femoral pores"
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Distribution

Range Description

Cnemaspis littoralis is endemic to Western Ghats, India. It is known from one site in Karnataka, five sites in Kerala and one site in Tamil Nadu (Smith 1935, Inger et al. 1984). Smith (1935) remarks that the type specimen on whose basis this species was described from Malabar coast might have been an "imported individual" and was found in a warehouse off the sea coast. Given the uncertainty in the type locality and the widespread reports, the scattered records from a variety of habitat types and altitudes suggest that all known specimens and records (old reports and the new reports of this species from Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kumarakom in Kottayam District and Thattekad in Ernakulam District in Kerala) need to be re-evaluated. It occurs at elevations between 500 to 1,190 m asl.
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Endemic Distribution

Endemic to Western Ghats
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Continent: Asia
Distribution: India, Nilambur, Nellakota, Malabar, Nilghiri Hills  
Type locality: coast of Malabar.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Cnemaspis littoralis has been reported from wet and humid evergreen forests to dry and moist deciduous forests. It has been observed in dry or moist leaf-litter and also on trees in dry teak forests of Nellakota (Beddome 1871). It is a diurnal species and nothing is known about its breeding biology.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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General Habitat

Plains and midland forests
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
DD
Data Deficient

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Srinivasulu, C. & Srinivasulu, B.

Reviewer/s
Bowles, P., Bauer, A., Roy, A.D., Murthy, B.H.C.K., Agarwal, I., Sondhi, S., Pal, S. & Molur, S.

Contributor/s

Justification
Cnemaspis littoralis has been reported from various habitats and altitudes, however, the taxonomic identity of all records, both historical and recent, needs re-evaluation. Consequently both the distribution and ecological requirements of true C. littoralis are unclear, and it is not known whether this species is subject to any threats. It is therefore assessed as Data Deficient.
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Population

Population
Nothing is known about the population status of Cnemaspis littoralis.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Nothing is known about the general threats to this species.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known species-specific conservation measures in place for this species. A thorough re-evaluation of the species to establish its distribution is needed urgently.
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Wikipedia

Coastal day gecko

The coastal day gecko, Cnemaspis littoralis, is a species of gecko found in the Western Ghats of India.

Distribution[edit]

This gecko occurs in Malabar, Nilambur, and Nellakota, on the west side of the Nilgiris; it isfound on trees in dry teak forests. Jerdon's type specimen was obtained in a warehouse on the seacoast.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Boulenger, G. A. 1890. Fauna of British India. Reptilia and Batrachia.

References[edit]

  • Beddome,R.H. 1871 Descriptions of new reptiles from the Madras Presidency. Madras Monthly J. Med. Sci., 4: 401-404 [Reprint: J. Soc. Bibliogr. Nat. Sci., London, 1 (10): 324-326, 1940.
  • Jerdon,T.C. 1853 Catalogue of the Reptiles inhabiting the Peninsula of India. Part 1. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal xxii [1853]: 462-479
  • Vivek Philip Cyriac & P.K. Umesh 2013 Current status of Cnemaspis littoralis (Jerdon, 1853) (Sauris: Gekkonidae) with Designatio of a Neotype. Taprobanica 5 (1): 36-43.
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