The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bean, W.J. 1980. Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, ed. 8, Vols. 1-4. John Murray, London
  • Farjon A. (2015). Conifer Database (version Jan 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Giornale d'Italia, Spettante alla Scienze Naturale e Principalmente all'Agricoltura, alle Arti ed al Commercio 1: 152. 1764. (Giorn. Italia Sci. Nat.)
  • Hess, H. & al. (1976-1980). Flora der Schweiz. Ed. 2. Birkhäuser, Basel.
  • Jacobs JF; Koper GJM; Ursem WNJ. 2007. UV protective coatings: A botanical approach. Progress in Organic Coatings. 58: 166–171.
  • Landolt, E. (1991). Gefährdung der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen in der Schweiz mit gesamtschweizerischen und regionalen roten Listen / Plantes vasculaires menacées en Suisse: listes rouges nationale et régionales. BUWAL / OFEFP, Bern.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Nardi, E. & P. Minghetti. 1999. (1416) Proposal to conserve the name Pinus mugo (Pinaceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 48(3): 571–572.
  • Turra. 1764. In: Giorn. Italia Sci. Nat. 1: 152.


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