The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


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  • 14. DeRonde, Neels. 1990. How to minimize losses after wildfire by the application of damage evaluation techniques in pine stands. In: International Conference of Forest Fire Research; 1990 November 19 - November 22; Coimbra, Portugal. Coimbra, Portugal: International Conference on Forest Fire Research: B.22 - 1-9. [17888]
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  • 16. Evarts, Bill. 1986. Torrey pines: resurrection or remission. Environment Southwest. 514: 3-8. [5602]
  • 19. Fiske, John N.; DeBell, Dean S. 1989. Silviculture of Pacific coast forests. In: Burns, Russell M., compiler. The scientific basis for silvicultural and management decisions in the National Forest System. Gen. Tech. Rep. WO-55. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 59-78. [10246]
  • 2. Ades, P. K.; Simpson, J. A.; Eldridge, K. G.; Eldridge, R. H. 1992. Genetic variation in susceptibility to Dothistroma needle blight among provenance and families of Pinus muricata. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 22: 1111-1117. [20210]
  • 23. Holland, Robert F. 1986. Preliminary descriptions of the terrestrial natural communities of California. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Fish and Game. 156 p. [12756]
  • 25. Kalmbacher, R. S.; Martin, F. G.; Terry, W. S.; [and others]
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  • 30. Linhart, Yan B.; Snyder, Marc A.; Habeck, Susan A. 1989. The influence of animals on genetic variability within ponderosa pine stands, illustrated by the effects of Abert's squirrel and porcupine. In: Tecle, Aregai; Covington, W. Wallace; Hamre, R. H., technical coordinators. Multiresource management of ponderosa pine forests: Proceedings of the symposium; 1989 November 14-16; Flagstaff, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-185. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 141-148. [11312]
  • 31. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1975. Rare and local conifers in the United States. Conservation Research Rep. No. 19. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 25 p. [15691]
  • 32. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). Agric. Handb. 541. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 375 p. [2952]
  • 33. Little, Elbert L., Jr.; Skomen, Roger G. 1989. Common forest trees of Hawaii (native and introduced). Agric. Handb. 679. Washington, DC: U.S Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 321 p. [9433]
  • 35. McDonald, Philip M.; Laacke, Robert J. 1990. Pinus radiata D. Don Monterey pine. In: Burns, Russell M.; Honkala, Barbara H., technical coordinators. Silvics of North America. Volume 1. Conifers. Agric. Handb. 654. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 433-441. [13401]
  • 36. McMillan, Calvin. 1956. The edaphic restriction of Cupressus and Pinus in the Coast Ranges of central California. Ecological Monographs. 26: 177-212. [11884]
  • 37. Menke, John W.; Villasenor, Ricardo. 1977. The California Mediterranean ecosystem and its management. In: Mooney, Harold A.; Conrad, C. Eugene, technical coordinators. Proc. of the symp. on the environmental consequences of fire and fuel management in Mediterranean ecosystems; 1977 August 1-5; Palo Alto, CA. Gen. Tech. Rep. WO-3. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 257-270. [4847]
  • 38. Millar, Constance I. 1986. The Californian closed cone pines (subsection Oocarpae Little and Critchfield): a taxonomic history and review. Taxon. 35(4): 657-670. [5972]
  • 39. Millar, Constance I.; Libby, William J. 1989. Disneyland or native ecosystem: genetics and the restorationist. Restoration and Management Notes. 7(1): 18-24. [8071]
  • 4. Alexiou, P. N.; Gardner, W. D.; Lind, P.; Butler D. 1986. Efficacy of an amino resin fire retardant. Forest Products Journal. 36(11/1): 9-15. [18516]
  • 41. Mitchell, Alan F. 1972. Conifers in the British Isles: A descriptive handbook. Forestry Commission Booklet No. 33. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 322 p. [20571]
  • 42. Mulroy, Thomas W. 1990. Facilitating the use of indigenous genotypes in natural area revegtation projects. In: Hughes, H. Glenn; Bonnicksen, Thomas M., eds. Restoration '89: the new management challenge: Proceedings, 1st annual meeting of the Society for Ecological Restoration; 1989 January 16-20; Oakland, CA. Madison, WI: The University of Wisconsin Arboretum, Society for Ecological Restoration: 205-214. [14696]
  • 43. Munz, Philip A. 1973. A California flora and supplement. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 1905 p. [6155]
  • 44. Nowak, David J.; McBride, Joe R. 1992. Differences in Monterey pine pest populations in urban and natural forests. Forest Ecology and Management. 50: 133-144. [19640]
  • 46. Raison, R. J.; Myers, B. J. 1992. The biology of forest growth experiment: linking water and nitrogen availability to the growth of Pinus radiata. Forest Ecology and Management. 52: 279-308. [19650]
  • 48. Richardson, David M.; Bond, William J. 1991. Determinants of plant distribution: evidence from pine invasions. American Naturalist. 137(5): 639-668. [15377]
  • 49. Stickney, Peter F. 1989. Seral origin of species originating in northern Rocky Mountain forests. Unpublished draft on file at: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory, Missoula, MT; RWU 4403 files. 7 p. [20090]
  • 5. Baker, Frederick S. 1945. Effects of shade on coniferous seedlings grown in nutrient solutions. Journal of Forestry. 43: 428-435. [9935]
  • 50. Lesperance, A. L.; Young, James A.; Eckert, Richard E., Jr.; Evans, Raymond A. 1978. Great Basin wildrye. Rangeman's Journal. 5(4): 125-127. [3829]
  • 51. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. 1982. National list of scientific plant names. Vol. 1. List of plant names. SCS-TP-159. Washington, DC. 416 p. [11573]
  • 52. Vogl, Richard J.; Armstrong, Wayne P.; White, Keith L.; Cole, Kenneth L. 1977. The closed-cone pines and cypress. In: Barbour, Michael G.; Major, Jack, eds. Terrestrial vegetation of California. New York: John Wiley and Sons: 295-358. [7219]
  • 53. Warren, Richard; Fordham, Alfred J. 1978. The fire pines. Arnoldia. 38(1): 1-11. [18709]
  • 54. Zedler, Paul H. 1986. Closed-cone conifers of the chaparral. Fremontia. 14(3): 14-17. [18648]
  • 6. Baker, Frederick S. 1949. A revised tolerance table. Journal of Forestry. 47: 179-181. [20404]
  • 8. Burrows, N. D. 1980. Crushing the thinning slash problem. Research Paper 62. Perth, Australia: Forests Department of Western Australia. 4 p. [17004]
  • Bean, W.J. 1980. Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, ed. 8, Vols. 1-4. John Murray, London
  • Burns, Russell M., and Barbara H. Honkala, technical coordinators. 1990. Silvics of North America: 1. Conifers; 2. Hardwoods.   Agriculture Handbook 654 (Supersedes Agriculture Handbook 271,Silvics of Forest Trees of the United States, 1965).   U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC. vol.2, 877 pp. External link.
  • CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  • D. Don. 1836. In: Trans. Linn. Soc. London 17: 442.
  • Farjon A. (2013). Conifer Database (version Jul 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Farjon, A. & Styles, B.T. 1997. Pinus (Pinaceae) (Flora Neotropica Monograph 75). The New York Botanical Garden, New York
  • Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. M. Welman, E. Retief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. Van Wyk & A. Nicholas. 1987. List of species of southern African plants. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. 1), 1–270(pt. 2).
  • Hokche, O., P. E. Berry & O. Huber. (eds.) 2008. Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venez. 1–860. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, Caracas.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & C. Ulloa Ulloa. 1994. Seed plants of the high Andes of Ecuador–A checklist. AAU Rep. 34: 1–443.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Miss. Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Killeen, T. J., E. García Estigarribia & S. G. Beck. (eds.) 1993. Guía Árb. Bolivia 1–958. Herbario Nacional de Bolivia & Missouri Botanical Garden, Edit. Quipus srl., La Paz.
  • Lawesson, J. E., H. Adsersen & P. Bentley. 1987. An updated and annotated check list of the vascular plants of the Galapagos Islands. Rep. Bot. Inst. Univ. Aarhus 16: 1–74.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada. 1985. Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Chile. Gayana, Bot. 42: 1–157.
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. Cal. Fl. 1–1681. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Pinus radiata D.Don
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  • U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1993. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Review of Plant Taxa for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species. Federal Register, vol. 58, no. 188. 51144-51190
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    1. Aitken, Jenny, Kathryn J. Hogan, and Trevor A. Thorpe.  1981. Influence of explant selection on the shoot-forming  capacity of juvenile tissue of Pinus radiata. Canadian  Journal of Forest Research 11: 112-117.
    3. Axelrod, Daniel 1. 1977. Outline history of California  vegetation. In Terrestrial Vegetation of California.  p. 139-193. Michael G. Barbour and Jack Major, eds. John  Wiley, New York.
    5. Axelrod, Daniel 1. 1982. Age and origin of the Monterey  endemic area. Madroño 29(3):127-147.
    7. Baker, Frederick S. 1949. A revised tolerance table.  Journal of Forestry 47(3):179-181.
    9. Bega, Robert V., tech. coord. 1978. Diseases of Pacific  Coast conifers. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture  Handbook 521. Washington, DC. 204 p.
    11. Chu-Chou, Myra. 1985. Effect of different mycorrhizal fungi  on Pinus radiata seedling growth. In Proceedings  of the 6th North American Conference on Mycorrhizae, June  25-29, 1984, Bend, Oregon. p. 208. Forest Research  Laboratory, Oregon State University, Corvallis.
    13. Coleman, George A. 1905. Report upon Monterey pine, made  for the Pacific Improvement Company. Unpublished report,  Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station,  Redding, CA. 74 p.
    15. Cook, T. D. 1978. Soil survey of Monterey County,  California. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil  Conservation Service. Washington, DC. 228 p.
    17. Critchfield, William B., and Elbert L. Little, Jr. 1966.  Geographic distribution of the pines of the world. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 991.  Washington, DC. 97 p.
    19. Ernstrom, Dan. 1983. Personal communication. Soil  Conservation Service, Davis, CA.
    21. Forde, Margot B. 1964. Variation in natural populations of  Pinus radiata in California. Part 3. Cone  characters. New Zealand Journal of Botany 2(4):459-485. 
    23. Furniss, R. L., and V. M. Carolin. 1977. Western forest  insects. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous  Publication 1339. Washington, DC. 654 p.
    25. Griffin, A. R. 1975. The effects of seed size, germination  time and sowing density on seedling development in radiata  pine. Australian Forest Research 5(4):25-28.
    27. Griffin, James R. 1981. Personal communication. Hastings  Natural History Reservation, Carmel Valley, CA.
    29. Griffin, James R., and William B. Critchfield. 1972.  (Reprinted with supplement, 1976). The distribution of  forest trees in California. USDA Forest Service, Research  Paper PSW-82. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Berkeley, CA. 118 p.
    31. Hood, J. V., and W. J. Libby. 1980. A clonal study of  intraspecific variability in radiata pine. 1. Cold and  animal damage. Australian Forest Research 10(l):9-20.
    33. Kaufmann, Merrill R. 1977. Soil temperature and drought  effects on growth of Monterey pine. Forest Science  23(3):317-325.
    35. Krugman, Stanley L., and James L. Jenkinson. 1974. Pinus L.,  Pine. In Seeds of woody plants in the United States. p.  598-638. C. S. Schopmeyer, tech. coord. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 450. Washington, DC.
    37. Larsen, Louis T. 1915. Monterey pine. Society of American  Foresters Proceedings 10(l):68-74.
    39. Libby, William J. 1982. Personal communication. Department  of Forestry and Resource Management, University of  California, Berkeley.
    41. Libby, W. J., M. H. Bannister, and Y. B. Linhart. 1968. The  pines of Cedros and Guadalupe Islands. Journal of Forestry  66(11):846-853.
    43. Libby, W. J., A. G. Brown, and J. M. Fielding. 1972. Effects  of hedging radiata pine on production, rooting, and early  growth of cuttings. New Zealand Journal of Forest Science  2(2):263-283.
    45. Lindsay, A. D. 1937. Report on Monterey pine (Pinus radiata  D. Don) in its native habitat. Commonwealth (Australia)  Forestry Bureau, Bulletin 10. 57 p.
    47. Mallory, James 1. 1982. Personal communication. California  Cooperative Soil-Vegetation Survey, Redding, CA.
    49. McDonald, John Bruce. 1959. An ecological study of Monterey  pine in Monterey County, California. Thesis (M.S.),  University of California, Berkeley. 58 p.
    51. Moran, G. F., J. C. Bell, and K. G. Eldridge. 1988. The  genetic structure and the conservation of the five natural  populations of Pinus radiata. Canadian Journal of  Forest Research 18:506-514.
    53. Munz, Philip A., and David D. Keck. 1959. A California  flora. University of California Press, Berkeley. 1681 p. 
    55. Offord, Harold R. 1964. Diseases of Monterey pine in native  stands of California and in plantations of western North  America. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper PSW-14. Pacific  Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA.  37 p.
    57. Old, K. M., W. J. Libby, J. H. Russell, and K. G. Eldridge.  1986. Genetic variability in susceptibility of Pinus radiata  to western gall rust. Silvae Genetica 35:145-149.
    59. Oliver, William W. 1983. Personal communication. Pacific  Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Redding, CA. 
    61. Parker, Ike, and Wendy J. Matyas. 1980. CALVEG, a  classification of Californian vegetation. USDA Forest  Service, Pacific Southwest Region, San Francisco, CA. 168 p. 
    63. Roy, Douglass F. 1966. Silvical characteristics of Monterey  pine (Pinus radiata D. Don). USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper PSW-31. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range  Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 21 p.
    65. Ruter, J. M., and H. Van de Werken. 1986. Asexual  propagation of selected Monterey pine Christmas trees for  chlorosis resistance of alkaline sites. The Plant Propagator  32(4):10-14.
    67. Scott, C. W. 1960. Pinus radiata. Food and  Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Forestry and  Forest Products Study 14. Rome, Italy. 328 p.
    69. Sudworth, George B. 1908. Forest trees of the Pacific slope.  USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC. 441 p.
    71. U.S. Department of Agriculture Soil Conservation Service.  1977-82. National Cooperative Soil Survey, Davis, CA.
    73. Vogl, Richard J., Wayne P. Armstrong, Keith L. White, and  Kenneth L. Cole. 1977. The closed-cone pines and cypresses.  In Terrestrial Vegetation of California. p. 295-358. Michael  G. Barbour and Jack Major, eds. John Wiley, New York.


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