The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 18(2): 213. 1980. (Acta Phytotax. Sin.)
  • Bailey, L.H. & E.Z. Bailey. 1976. Hortus Third i–xiv, 1–1290. MacMillan, New York.
  • Catal. Plantarum in Horto Botanico Bogoriensi 20. 1866. (Catal. Plantarum in Horto Botanico Bogoriensi)
  • Catasus Guerra, L. 1997. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, I. Fontqueria 46: [i–ii], 1–259.
  • Claves Generum et Specierum Graminearum Primarum Sinicarum Appendice Nomenclatione Systematica 156. 1957. (Claves Gen. Sp. Gram. Prim. Sinic.)
  • Clayton, W. D. & S. A. Renvoize. 1986. Genera graminum. Grasses of the world. Kew Bull., Addit. Ser. 13: 1–389.
  • Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien 2(2): 95. 1887. (Nat. Pflanzenfam.)
  • Edgar, E. & H. E. Connor. 2000. Gramineae. Fl. New Zealand 5: 1–650.
  • Espejo Serna, A., A. R. López-Ferrari & J. Valdés-Reyna. 2000. Poaceae. Monocot. Mexic. Sinopsis Floríst. 10: 7–236 [and index].
  • Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro.
  • Genera Plantarum 1: 236. 1789. (Gen. Pl.)
  • ISSG. 2011. Bambusa vulgaris. Global Invasive Species Database. Retrieved 8 November 2011 from
  • Li, Z. L. 1997. The Flora of China Bambusoideae project -- problems and current understanding of bamboo taxonomy in China. Chp. 5: 61–81. In G. P. Chapman Bamboos. Academic Press, New York.
  • Lingnan University Science Bulletin 9: 34. 1940. (Lingnan Univ. Sci. Bull.)
  • Lobovikov, M., S. Paudel, M. Piazza, H. Ren, and J. Wu. 2007. World bamboo resources: A thematic study prepared in the framework of the Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 73 p.
  • McClure, F. A. & L. B. Smith. 1967. Gramíneas -- Suplemento. Bambúseas. 1(GRAM–Supl.): 1–78. In P. R. Reitz (ed.) Fl. Il. Catarin. Herbário "Barbosa Rodrigues", Itajaí, Brasil.
  • McClure, F. A. 1955. Bamboos. In: J. R. Swallen, (ed.), Flora of Guatemala. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(2): 38–331.
  • Missouri Botanical Garden. MO Generic Names in Use
  • Morales, J. F. 2003. Poaceae. 93(3): 598–821. In B. E. Hammel, M. H. Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora Villalobos (eds.) Man. Pl. Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). 1980-2005. Fl. Pakistan Univ. of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Ngoc, H., and L. Borton, eds. 2006. Bamboo. Hanoi: Thê’ Gió’I Publishers. 88 p.
  • Observationes Botanicae 5: 24. 1788. (Observ. Bot.)
  • Oesterreichische Botanische Zeitschrift 53: 194. 1903. (Oesterr. Bot. Z.)
  • PIER. 2011. Bambusa spp. US Forest Service, Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER). Online resource accessed 28 November 2011 at
  • Pohl, R. W. 1994. 1. Bambusa Schreber, nom. cons. 6: 193–194. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F.
  • Schulgasser, K; Witztum, A. 1992. On the strength, stiffness, and stability of tubular plant stems and leaves. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 155: 497-515.
  • Sharp, D. & B. K. Simon. 2002. AusGrass: Grasses of Australia. CD-ROM, Version 1.0. CD–ROM.
  • Soreng, R. J. 2000. Bambusa. In Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): I. Subfamilies Anomochlooideae, Bambusoideae, Ehrhartoideae, and Pharoideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 39: 29–35.
  • Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Steven Vogel. 2003. Comparative Biomechanics: Life's Physical World. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 580 p.
  • Stevens, W. D., C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85: i–xlii,.
  • Valdes, B. & H. Scholz. 2006. The Euro+Med treatment of Gramineae - a generic synopsis and some new names. Willdenowia 36(2): 657–669.
  • Wang, C.; Huang, Y.; Zan, Q.; Guo, H.; Cai, S. 2000. Biomimetic structure design—a possible approach to change the brittleness of ceramics in nature. Materials Science & Engineering C. 11(1): 9-12.
  • Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. 1992 onwards. The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references. Version: 23rd April 2010. Accessed 28 November 2011 at
  • Waynesword. 2011. Bamboo: remarkable giant grasses. Retrieved 28 November 2011 from
  • Webster, R. D. & P. M. Peterson. 1996. Poaceae, In: Acevedo, P. (ed.). Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78: 509–540.
  • Wiltshire, Trea. 2004. Bamboo. Hong Kong: FormAsia Books. 183 p.
  • Zon, A. P. M. v. 1992. Graminées du Cameroun. Wageningen Agric. Univ. Pap. 92–1(2): 1–557.


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