Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
Specimens with Sequences:45
Specimens with Barcodes:27
Species With Barcodes:7
Tragus, commonly called burr grass or carrot-seed grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family. It is native to Eurasia, Africa, Australia, and Eurasia with several species on islands in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans plus one species in Argentina.
Plants are monoecious, stoloniferous, and either annual or perennial depending on the species. The genus has been introduced in subtropical and tropical areas around the world as weeds of disturbed areas. The culms (stems) are ascending or low and mat forming, glabrous, and circular in cross-section. Blades are flat or folded and linear, ligules membraneous and trichomatous. Flowers are born in narrow panicles; the primary branches are spirally arranged, each possessing 2-5 spikelets; each of these spikelets bears a single floret. Each floret has 3 stamens, the anthers of which are pale yellow. The caryopses (grains) are elliptical and golden-brown.
Four species of Tragus have been introduced to North America: T. australianus, T. berteronianus, T. heptaneuron, and T. racemosus. The natural chromosome count is 2n = 20 in T. berteronianus, and 2n = 40 in T. racemosus. Tragus species utilize C4 photosynthesis. They prevent erosion, but make for poor grazing and in larger numbers indicate overgrazing.
- Tragus andicola - Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
- Tragus australianus - Australia, New Caledonia
- Tragus berteronianus - Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, China; introduced in North America, West Indies, South America
- Tragus heptaneuron - Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania
- Tragus koelerioides - Zimbabwe, Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho, South Africa
- Tragus mongolorum - Mongolia, China, Indian Subcontinent, Indochina, Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion
- Tragus pedunculatus - Namibia, Botswana
- Tragus racemosus - Africa + Eurasia from France and Canary Islands to South Africa to Kazakhstan
- formerly included
- Tragus alienus - Pseudechinolaena polystachya
- Tragus elatior - Lolium arundinaceum
- Tragus gracilis - Brachypodium sylvaticum
- Tragus latipes - Leptothrium senegalense
- Tragus loliaceus - Lolium arundinaceum
- Tragus pinnatus - Brachypodium pinnatum
- Tragus pratensis - Lolium pratense
- Tragus pumilus - Festuca quadriflora
- Tragus senegalensis - Leptothrium senegalense
- Tragus unioloides - Bromus catharticus
- Tragus varius - Festuca varia
- Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
- Haller, Albrecht von. 1768. Historia Stirpium Indigenarum Helvetiae Inchoata 2: 203
- Tropicos, Tragus Haller
- Ausgrass2, Grasses of Australia
- RLEM 610 grass taxonomy tragus
- Flora of China, Vol. 22 Page 495 锋芒草属 feng mang cao shu Tragus Haller, Hist. Stirp. Helv. 2: 203. 1768.
- Altervista Flora Italiana, Lappola, European Bur Grass, Klettengras, Tragus à grappes, Carretes, Tragus includes photos and distribution maps
- Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
- Tragus koelerioides
- The Plant List search for Tragus
EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.
To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!