The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • A.Heller. 1903. In: Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 2: 65
  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
  • Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 2(6): 65. 1903. (Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci.)
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2015). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Sep 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Hickman, J. C. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 11: 377. 1871. (J. Linn. Soc., Bot.)
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. Cal. Fl. 1–1681. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 1868: 173. 1868. (Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia)


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!