Overview

Comprehensive Description

Brief

Flowering class: Monocot Habit: Shrub
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Distribution

"
Global Distribution

India and Sri Lanka

Indian distribution

State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts

"
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Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

"Culms from a thick stoloniferous rhizome, erect, 10-20 cm across; culm sheaths broadly triangular, densely brownish-hairy within, and scattered hairy without. Leaves to 20 cm long; sheaths to 12 x .2 cm, linear, glabrous; ligule short, entire; petiole short. Inflorescence a compound panicle with the spikelets in heads. Spikelets 1-many-flowered, 0.8-2 cm long, oblong, terete. Bracts glume-like. Glumes 1-3, to 5.5 mm, broadly ovate, mucronate. Lemmas to 6.5 mm, lanceolate, mucronate, coriaceous, glabrous. Paleas to 7 mm, 2-keeled, ciliate. Stamens 6. Style 1; stigmas 3. Caryopsis linearly cylindric."
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Type Information

Type material for Bambusa orientalis Nees
Catalog Number: US 2809339
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): R. Wight
Locality: India, Asia-Tropical
  • Type material: Nees von Esenbeck, C. G. D. 1835. Linnaea. 9: 472.
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Ecology

Habitat

General Habitat

"Deciduous forests, also grown in homesteads"
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering and fruiting: July-February
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Bambusa arundinacea

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Bambusa bambos

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Bambusa bambos

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Uses

Medicinal
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Wikipedia

Bambusa bambos

in the Singapore Botanic Gardens
the specimen at kerala forest research institute, veluppadam, kerala, india

Bambusa bambos, or the Indian Thorny Bamboo, is a species of clumping bamboo native to southern Asia (India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Assam, Indochina). It is also naturalized in Seychelles, Central America, West Indies, Java, Malaysia, Maluku, Philippines.[2][3]

Plant is known as "ක‍ටු උණ - katu una" in Sri Lanka, by Sinhalese people.

Habit[edit]

It is a tall bright green colored spiny bamboo species, which growing in thickets consisting of a large number of heavily branched, closely growing culms. It reaches a height of 10-35m. it grows naturally in the forests of the dry zones.

Appearance[edit]

Culm is not straight, and bright green, which becomes brownish green when drying. Young shoots are deep purple in color. Culm is armed with stout curved spines. Branches spread out from the base. Aerial roots reach up to few nodes above. Internode length is 15-46cm, and diameter is 3-20cm. Culm walls are 2.5-5cm thick. Nodes are prominent and rootstock are stout.

Culm sheath is dark brown when mature. It is elongated and cylindrical. Length of the sheath proper is 15-25cm in length and 12-30cm wide. Blade length is 4-12cm. Auricles are not prominent. Upper surface of the sheath covered with blackish-brown hairs. Lower surface of the sheath is not hairy. Sheaths fall early.

Uses[edit]

They are extensively used in many works. They are prominently used for making bridges and for ladders. Leaves are used for thatching.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss". The Plant List, RBG Kew. Retrieved 24 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Ohrnberger, Dieter (1999). The bamboos of the world: annotated nomenclature and literature of the species and the higher and lower taxa. Elsevier. p. 255. ISBN 978-0-444-50020-5. 


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