Phyllostachys aurea Rivière & C. Rivière — Overview

Golden Bamboo learn more about names for this taxon


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Phyllostachys aurea

Phyllostachys aurea, golden bamboo or fishpole bamboo, is a bamboo species in the genus Phyllostachys native to Fujian and Zheijang in China. It is a 'running bamboo' type.

Other vernacular names include: fairyland bamboo (Aust.), and monk's belly bamboo.


Phyllostachys aurea is cultivated as an ornamental plant for gardens. It is the most commonly cultivated bamboo in the United States. It is a cold hardy bamboo, performing well in USDA Plantzones 6 to 10, (Connecticut to Florida). [1]

It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[2]


Cultivars include:

  • Phyllostachys aurea 'Flavescens Inversa' - some lower culms may show a pale yellow stripe on the sulcus
  • Phyllostachys aurea 'Holochrysa' - common name "golden golden", culms turn yellow/gold sooner than the type form, random leaves have a yellow stripe
  • Phyllostachys aurea 'Koi' - culms turn yellow but sulcus stays green, random leaves have a yellow stripe
  • Phyllostachys aurea 'Takemurai' - culms grow taller and lack the compressed internodes of the type form


P. Aurea's lush foliage make desirable for ornamental purposes and privacy hedges; and its characteristic 'knotty' compressed lower internodes render it desirable among collectors.[3]

This bamboo is great for making bamboo pipes.

Identification and growth habit[edit]

P. aurea common forms are easily identified by their characteristic compressed internodes in the lower part of the canes which have a tortoiseshell-like appearance(see photo: This internodal compression result in shorter heights (25' +/-) and thicker cane diameters (relative to height) than many other Phyllostachys species.[4]

The canes will turn yellow in full or partial sun, and deepen into a gold-orange color as the plant matures. Branching and foliage tend to start lower to the ground than many other Phyllostachys, but some prefer to cut off lower branches to show off the interesting 'tortoise shell' lower part of the canes (see photo). [5]



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Source: Wikipedia

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