The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Ainsworth, E. A., Tranel, P. J., Drake, B. G., and Long, S. P., 2003. The clonal structure of Quercus geminata revealed by conserved microsatellite loci. Molecular Ecology, 12(2), 527-532.
  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
  • Ansley, S. E. 2006. Secondary seed dispersal of longleaf pine, Pinus palustris, and Sand Live Oak, Quercus geminata, in Florida sandhill. Masters of Science Thesis, University of South Florida. 48 pp. Available from
  • Botanical Gazette 65(5): 445. 1918. (Bot. Gaz.)
  • Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 24(9): 438–439. 1897. (Bull. Torrey Bot. Club)
  • Cavender-Bares, J., and Pahlich, A. 2009. Molecular, morphological, and ecological niche differentiation of sympatric sister oak species, Quercus virginiana and Q. geminata (Fagaceae). American Journal of Botany, 96(9), 1690-1702.
  • Christman, S. 2007. Quercus geminata. Floridata. Retrieved February 1, 2016 from
  • Friedman, M.H., M.G. Andreu, H.V. Quintana and M. McKenzie 2015. Quercus geminata, Sand Live Oak. Edis Publication #FOR 249. University of Florida, IFAS extension. Retrieved January 31, 2016 from
  • Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2015). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Sep 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Iconographia Arbororum Yunnanicorum 2: 556. 1990. (Icon. Arbor. Yunnan.)
  • Isotype: Small, J. K. 1897. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 24: 438.
  • Long, R. W. & O. K. Lakela. 1971. Fl. Trop. Florida i–xvii, 1–962. University of Miami Press, Coral Cables.
  • National Phenology Network, 2016. Quercus geminata. Nature’s Notebook. Retrieved February 1, 2016 from
  • Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
  • Small. 1897. In: Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 24: 438
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide Vasc. Pl. Florida i–x, 1–806. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.


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