The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Douglas ex Hook. 1839. In: Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 159
  • Flora Boreali-Americana 2: 159. 1840. (Fl. Bor.-Amer.)
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/compilersReviewers.do (2013). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Oct 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Hickman, J. C. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  •    
    1. Allwine, G., B. Lamb, and H. Westberg. 1985. Application of  atmospheric tracer techniques for determining biogenic  hydrocarbon fluxes from an oak forest. p. 361-382. In  Hutchison, B. A., and B. B. Hicks, eds. The Forest  Atmosphere Interaction: Proceedings of the Forest  Environmental Measurements Conference, Oak Ridge, Tennessee,  October 13-28, 1983. D. Reidel Publishing Company.
    2.  
    3. American Forestry Association. 1945. Report on American big  trees. American Forests 51(l):30-36.
    4.  
    5. Anderson, Stanley H. 1972. Seasonal variations in forest  birds of western Oregon. Northwest Science 46(3):194-206. 
    6.  
    7. Barnhardt, Stephen J. 1981. Personal correspondence. Santa  Rosa Junior College, Santa Rosa, CA.
    8.  
    9. Barnhardt, Stephen J., Joe R. McBride, Carla Cicero, Paul  da Silva, and Peter Warner. 1987. Vegetation dynamics of the  northern oak woodland. p. 53-58. Plumb, Timothy R., and  Norman H. Pillsbury, tech. coords. In Proceedings of  the Symposium on Multiple-Use Management of California's  Hardwood Resources, November 12-14, 1986, San Luis Obispo,  California. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report  PSW-100. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Berkeley, CA.
    10.  
    11. Barrett, Reginald H. 1980. Mammals of California oak  habitats-Management implications. p. 275-291. Plumb, Timothy  R., tech. coord. In Proceedings of the Symposium on  the Ecology, Management, and Utilization of California oaks,  June 26-28, 1979, Claremont, California. USDA Forest  Service, General Technical Report PSW-44. Pacific Southwest  Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA.
    12.  
    13. Bassett, Patricia M., and Daniel D. Oswald. 1981. Timber  resource statistics for southwest Washington. USDA Forest  Service, Resource Bulletin PNW-91. Pacific Northwest Forest  and Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 24 p.
    14.  
    15. Bassett, Patricia M., and Daniel D. Oswald. 1981. Timber  resource statistics for the Olympic Peninsula, Washington.  USDA Forest Service, Resource Bulletin PNW-93, Pacific  Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR.  31 p.
    16.  
    17. Bassett, Patricia M-, and Daniel D. Oswald 1983. Timber  resource statistics for eastern Washington. USDA Forest  Service, Resource Bulletin PNW-104. Pacific Northwest Forest  and Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 32 p.
    18.  
    19. Bolsinger, Charles L. 1988. The hardwoods of California's  timberlands, woodlands, and savannas. USDA Forest Service,  Resource Bulletin PNW-148. Pacific Northwest Research  Station, Portland, OR. 148 p.
    20.  
    21. Broersma, Klaas (Clarence). 1973. Dark soils of the Victoria  area, British Columbia. Thesis (M.S.), University of British  Columbia, Vancouver. 110 p.
    22.  
    23. Coblentz, Bruce E. 1980. Production of Oregon white oak  acorns in the Willamette Valley, Oregon. Wildlife Society  Bulletin 8(4):348-350.
    24.  
    25. Cole, David. 1977. Ecosystem dynamics in the coniferous  forest of the Willamette Valley, Oregon, U.S.A. Journal of  Biogeography 4(2):181-192.
    26.  
    27. Davidson, Roy M., Jr. 1976. Anthracnose of native oaks.  Washington State University Cooperative Extension Service,  E.M. 3027 (rev). Pullman. 2 p.
    28.  
    29. Detling, LeRoy E. 1961. The chaparral formation of  southwestern Oregon, with considerations of its postglacial  history. Ecology 42(2):348-357.
    30.  
    31. Detling, LeRoy E. 1968. Historical background of the flora  of the Pacific Northwest. University of Oregon Museum of  Natural History, Bulletin 13. Eugene. 57 p.
    32.  
    33. Evans, David. 1970. Life history and immature stages of Pandemis  cerasana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). The Canadian  Entomologist 102(12):1597-1603.
    34.  
    35. Evans, David. 1972. Alternate generations of gall cynipids  (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) on Garry oak. The Canadian  Entomologist 104(11):1805-1818.
    36.  
    37. Evans, David. 1985. Annotated checklist of insects  associated with Garry oak in British Columbia. Canadian  Forestry Service, Information Report BC-X-262. Pacific  Forest Research Centre, Victoria, BC. 36 p.
    38.  
    39. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United  States and Canada. Society of American Foresters,  Washington, DC. 148 p.
    40.  
    41. Farrenkopf, Thomas 0. 1982. Forest statistics for eastern  Oregon, 1977. USDA Forest Service, Resource Bulletin PNW-94.  Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station,  Portland, OR. 28 p.
    42.  
    43. Franklin, J. F. 1972. Maple Knoll, Pigeon Butte, and  Willamette Floodplain Research Natural Areas. In Federal  Research Natural Areas in Oregon and Washington: a guidebook  for scientists and educators. p. MA-1 to MA-5, P. PI-1 to  PI-5, and p. WP-l to WP-5. USDA Forest Service, Pacific  Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 
    44.  
    45. Furniss, R. L., and V. M. Carolin. 1977. Western forest  insects. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous  Publication 1339. Washington, DC. 654 p.
    46.  
    47. Ganders, Fred R. 1977. Spring wild flowers of the Gulf  Islands. Davidsonia 8(2):17-23.
    48.  
    49. Gedney, Donald R., Patricia M. Bassett, and Mary A. Mei.  1986. Timber resource statistics for non-federal forest land  in northwest Oregon. USDA Forest Service, Resource Bulletin  PNW-140. Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR.  26 p.
    50.  
    51. Gedney, Donald R., Patricia M. Bassett, and Mary A.  Mei. 1986b. Timber resource statistics for non-federal  forest land in southwest Oregon. USDA Forest Service,  Resource Bulletin PNW-138. Pacific Northwest Research  Station, Portland, OR. 26 p.
    52.  
    53. Gedney, Donald R., Patricia M. Bassett, and A& 'A. Mei.  1987. Timber resource statistics for non-federal forest land  in west-central Oregon. USDA Forest Service, Resource  Bulletin PNW-143. Pacific Northwest Research Station,  Portland, OR. 26 p.
    54.  
    55. Glendenning, R. 1944. The Garry oak in British Columbia-an  interesting example of discontinuous distribution. The  Canadian Field-Naturalist 58(2):61-65.
    56.  
    57. Griffin, James R., and William B. Critchfield. 1972. The  distribution of forest trees in California. USDA Forest  Service Research Paper PSW-82 (reprinted with supplement,  1976). Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Berkeley, CA. 118 p.
    58.  
    59. Habeck, James R. 1961. The original vegetation of the  mid-Willamette Valley, Oregon. Northwest Science  35(2):65-77.
    60.  
    61. Habeck, James R. 1962. Forest succession in Monmouth  township, Polk County, Oregon since 1850. Montana Academy of  Sciences Proceedings 21:7-17.
    62.  
    63. Hall, F. C. 1972. Mill Creek Research Natural Area. In  Federal Research Natural Areas in Oregon and Washington:  a guidebook for scientists and educators. p. ML-1 to ML-4.  USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range  Experiment Station, Portland, OR.
    64.  
    65. Hall, F. C., D. W. Hedrick, and R. F. Keniston. 1959.  Grazing and Douglas-fir establishment in the Oregon white  oak type. Journal of Forestry 57(2):98-103.
    66.  
    67. Hornibrook, E. M., R. W. Larson, J. J. Van Akkeren, and A.  A. Hasel. 1950. Board-foot and cubic-foot volume tables for  some California hardwoods. USDA Forest Service, Forest  Research Notes 67. California Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Berkeley. 31 p.
    68.  
    69. Jepson, Willis Linn. 1910. The silva of California. Memoirs  of the University of California. vol. 2. The University  Press, Berkeley. 480 p.
    70.  
    71. Johannessen, Carl L., William A. Davenport, Artimus Millet,  and Steven McWilliams. 1971. The vegetation of the  Willamette Valley. Association of American Geographers,  Annals 61(2):286-302.
    72.  
    73. Kasari, Thomas R., Erwin G. Pearson, and Bruce D. Hultgren.  1986. Oak (Quercus garryana) poisoning of range  cattle in southern Oregon. The Compendium on Continuing  Education for the Practicing Veterinarian 8(9):Fl7-18,  20-22,24,29.
    74.  
    75. Krygier, James T. 1971. Project completion report on  comparative water loss of Douglas-fir and Oregon white oak.  Oregon State University Water Resources Research Institute  and School of Forestry, Corvallis. 135 p.
    76.  
    77. Mackey, Dennis L. 1986. Brood habitat of Merriam's turkeys  in south-central Washington. Northwest Science  60(2):108-112.
    78.  
    79. McCulloch, W. F. 1940. Oregon oak-tree of conflict. American  Forests 46(6):264-266, 286, 288.
    80.  
    81. McLain, Thomas E., and E. George Stern. 1978. Withdrawal  resistance of pallet nails and staples in five western  woods. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University  Wood Research and Wood Construction Laboratory, Report 155.  Blacksburg. 11 p.
    82.  
    83. McMinn, R. G., S. Eis, H. E. Hirvonen, and others. 1976.  Native vegetation in British Columbia's capital region.  Canadian Forestry Service, Report BC-X-140. Victoria, BC. 18  p.
    84.  
    85. Michaels, Thomas J. 1981. Personal communication. Oregon  State University, Corvallis.
    86.  
    87. Morris, William G. 1934. Forest fires in western Oregon and  western Washington. Oregon Historical Quarterly  35(4):313339.
    88.  
    89. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 1979.  Climatological data, 1979 annual summary, 83(13) California,  85(13) Oregon, 83(13) Washington. National Climatic Center,  Asheville, NC.
    90.  
    91. Olson, David F., Jr. 1974. Quercus L. Oak. In  Seeds of woody plants in the United States. p. 692-703.  C. S. Schopmeyer, tech. coord. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 450. Washington,  DC.
    92.  
    93. Packee, Edmond Charles. 1976. An ecological approach toward  yield optimization through species allocation. Thesis  (Ph.D.), University of Minnesota. St. Paul. 740 p.
    94.  
    95. Patillo, Greg. 1981. Personal correspondence. Silvaseed Co.,  Roy, WA.
    96.  
    97. Peattie, Donald Culross. 1953. A natural history of western  trees. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, MA. 751 p.
    98.  
    99. Peck, Morton Eaton. 1941. A manual of the higher plants of  Oregon. Binfords and Mort, Portland, OR. 866 p.
    100.  
    101. Reed, Lois J., and Neil G. Sugihara. 1987. Northern oak  woodlands-ecosystem in jeopardy or is it already too late?  p. 59-63. In Plumb, Timothy R., and Norman H. Pillsbury,  tech. coords. Proceedings of the Symposium on Multiple-Use  Management of California's Hardwood Resources, November  12-14, 1986, San Luis Obispo, California. USDA Forest  Service, General Technical Report PSW-100. Pacific Southwest  Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 462 p. 
    102.  
    103. Roy, D. F. 1955. Hardwood sprout measurements In  northwestern California. USDA Forest Service, Forest  Research Notes 95. California Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Berkeley. 6 p.
    104.  
    105. Ruffner, James A. 1978. Climates of the States. vols. 1 and  2, sections for California, Oregon, and Washington. Gale  Research Company, Detroit, MI.
    106.  
    107. Saenz, Loretta, and J. 0. Sawyer, Jr. 1986. Grasslands as  compared to adjacent Quercus garryana woodland understories  exposed to different grazing regimes. Madrono 33(1):40-46. 
    108.  
    109. Sakai, A., and C. J. Weiser. 1973. Freezing resistance of  trees in North America with reference to tree regions.  Ecology 54(l):118-126.
    110.  
    111. Sampson, Arthur W., and Beryl S. Jespersen. 1963,  California range brushlands and browse plants. University of  California Extension Service, Manual 33. Berkeley. 162 p. 
    112.  
    113. Sargent, Charles Sprague. 1895. The silva of North America.  vol. 8. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, MA. 190 p.
    114.  
    115. Scheffer, Theodore C., George H. Englerth, and Catherine G.  Duncan. 1949. Decay resistance of seven native oaks. Journal  of Agricultural Research 78(5/6):129-152.
    116.  
    117. Shaw, Charles Gardener. 1973. Host fungus index for the  Pacific Northwest-1. Hosts. Washington Agricultural  Experiment Station, Bulletin 765. Pullman. 121 p.
    118.  
    119. Silen, Roy R. 1958. Silvical characteristics of Oregon  white oak. USDA Forest Service, Silvical Series 10. Pacific  Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR.  13 p.
    120.  
    121. Smith, John E. 1949. Natural vegetation in the  Willamette Valley, Oregon. Science 109(2820):41-42. 
    122.  
    123. Smith, Winston Paul. 1985. Plant associations within the  interior valleys of the Umpqua River Basin, Oregon. Journal  of Range Management 38(6):526-530.
    124.  
    125. Sprague, F. LeRoy, and Henry P. Hansen. 1946. Forest  succession in the McDonald Forest, Willamette Valley,  Oregon. Northwest Science 20(4):89-98.
    126.  
    127. Stein, William 1. 1981. Personal observations. USDA Forest  Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Forestry Sciences Laboratory, Corvallis, OR.
    128.  
    129. Stein, William I., Paul E. Slabaugh, and A. Perry Plummer.  1974. Chapter V. Harvesting, processing, and storage of  fruits and seeds. In Seeds of woody plants in the United  States. p. 98-125. C. S. Schopmeyer, tech. coord. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 450.  Washington, DC.
    130.  
    131. Stern, E. George. 1978. Performance of warehouse and  exchange pallets made of six western woods. Virginia  Polytechnic Institute and State University Wood Research and  Wood Construction Laboratory, Report 156. Blacksburg. 48 p. 
    132.  
    133. Stoutamire, Warren Petrie. 1951. The deciduous oak woodland  association of the Pacific Northwest. Thesis (M.S.),  University of Oregon, Eugene. 25 p.
    134.  
    135. Sudworth, George B. 1908. Forest trees of the Pacific  slope. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC. 441  p.
    136.  
    137. Sugihara, Neil G., and Lois J. Reed. 1987. Prescribed fire  for restoration and maintenance of Bald Hills oak woodlands.  p. 446-451. In Plumb, Timothy R., and Norman H. Pillsbury,  tech. coords. Proceedings of the Symposium on Multiple-Use  Management of California's Hardwood Resources, November  12-14, 1986, San Luis Obispo, California. USDA Forest  Service, General Technical Report PSW-100. Pacific Southwest  Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 462 p. 
    138.  
    139. Sugihara, Neil G., Lois J. Reed, and James M. Lenihan. 1987.  Vegetation of the Bald Hills oak woodlands, Redwood National  Park, California. Madrohño 34(3):193-208.
    140.  
    141. Taylor, Ronald J., and Theodore R. Boss. 1975.  Biosystematics of Quercus garryana in relation to its  distribution in the State of Washington. Northwest Science  49(2):49-57.
    142.  
    143. Thilenius, John Fredrick. 1964. Synecology of the white-oak  Quercus garryana Douglas) woodlands of the Willamette  Valley, Oregon. Thesis (Ph.D.), Oregon State  University, Corvallis. 151 p.
    144.  
    145. Thilenius, John F. 1968. The Quercus garryana forests of  the Willamette Valley, Oregon. Ecology 49(6):1124-1133. 
    146.  
    147. Tucker, John M. 1953. Two new oak hybrids from California.  Madroño 12(4):119-127.
    148.  
    149. Tunison, John Timothy. 1973. A synecological study of the  oak-dominated communities of Bennett Mountain, Sonoma  County, California. Thesis (M.A.), California State  College-Sonoma, Rohnert Park. 143 p.
    150.  
    151. Twisselmann, Ernest C. 1967. A flora of Kern County,  California. The Wasmarm Journal of Biology 25(1 &  2):1-395.
    152.  
    153. U.S. Department of Commerce. 1964. Climatic summary of the  United States-supplement for 1951 through 1960.  Climatography of the United States. 86-4, California; 86-31,  Oregon; 86-39, Washington. Washington, DC.
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    155. Waring, R. H., and J. Major. 1964. Some vegetation of the  California coastal redwood region in relation to gradients  of moisture, nutrients, light, and temperature. Ecological  Monographs 34(2):167-215.
    156.  
    157. Whittaker, R. H. 1960. Vegetation of the Siskiyou  Mountains, Oregon and California. Ecological Monographs  30(3):279-338.
    158.  
    159. Witt, Joseph A. 1979. Ancient madrona and a stand of Garry  oaks in Seattle. University of Washington Arboretum Bulletin  42(l):8-10.
    160.  
    161. Wolf, Carl B. 1945. California wild tree crops. Rancho Santa  Ana Botanic Garden, Santa Ana Cañon, Orange County,  CA. 66 p.
    162.  
     

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