Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Salmo aphelios is one of four different forms of the Ohrid trout complex within the single lake, along with Salmo balcanicus, Salmo letnica and Salmo lumi. The various trout forms, which have been suggested to be different species, are distinguished by their breeding time and habitat, by which they in practice are thought to be reproductively isolated from each other. Genetic data have not supported their distinction however.
Salmo aphelios specifically spawns from May to July near the underwater springs on the eastern shore of the lake, at the Macedonian-Albanian border area. Its flesh is typically of orange colour. Overall the Ohrid trouts are silvery in colour, with black dots. Red dots occur along the lateral line. Salmo aphelios can grow to 40 cm length.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Salmo aphelios" in FishBase. April 2006 version.
- Crivelli, A.J. 2006. Salmo aphelios In: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.1. Downloaded on 20 May 2010.
- Lake Ohrid trouts Balkan trout restoration group. Downloaded on 20 May 2010.
- Suśnik S, Snoj A, Wilson I, Mrdak D, Weiss S (2007) Historical demography of brown trout (Salmo trutta) in the Adriatic drainage including the putative S. letnica endemic to Lake Ohrid. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44(1), 63-76. (abstract)