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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Summary

A small passerine bird easily identified by distinctive white eye-ring and overall yellowish upperparts.
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Physical Description

Morphology

"A tiny, square-tailed greenish-yellow and bright yellow bird with a conspicuous white ring round the eyes and slender, pointed, slightly curved bill. Sexes alike."
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Size

Smaller than the Sparrow. About that of the Red Munia.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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General Habitat

"Gregariously, in gardens and wooded country."
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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Behaviour

"The White-eye inhabits well-wooded country, gardens and groves of trees. It is also found in humid evergreen forest. In the non-breeding season the birds keep in flocks of 5 to 20, but occasionally as many as a hundred may be seen together. They are entirely arboreal and spend their time hunting for food amongst the foliage of tall trees as well as bushes, working with energy and method, often clinging upside down to peer into springs and buds for lurking insects. The birds constantly utter their feeble jingling or twittering notes as they move or flit about. The flocks break up into pairs during the breeding season and the male then develops a pretty little tinkling song, rather reminiscent of the Verditer Flycatcher's. It begins almost inaudibly, grows louder and soon fades out as it began. Their food consists of small insects as well as fruits and berries. Nectar of a large variety of flowers likewise forms a substantial part of their diet, and the birds do considerable service is crosspollinating the species they visit."
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Reproduction

"The principal months are between April and July. The nest is a tiny cup of fibres, neatly bound with cobwebs — a small facsimile of the Oriole's nest—and similarly slung hammock-wise, in the fork of a thin twig at the extremity of an outhanging branch. It is situated in a bush or tree normally between 5 and 10 feet from the ground, but occasionally higher. The eggs—2 or 3 in number—are a beautiful unmarked pale blue in colour, sometimes with a cap of deeper blue at the broad end. Both sexes share in building, incubation and tending the young. Incubation occupies 10/11 days, and the young leave the nest in a like period."
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Zosterops palpebrosus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.

Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

GGTACCGCCCTA---AGCCTCCTCATCCGAGCAGAACTGGGACAACCAGGTGCCCTCCTGGGAGAC---GACCAAGTTTATAATGTAATCGTCACAGCCCATGCCTTCGTAATAATCTTCTTCATAGTGATACCAATTATAATCGGAGGATTTGGAAACTGACTAGTCCCCCTAATG---ATTGGAGCTCCAGACATGGCATTCCCCCGAATAAATAACATAAGCTTCTGACTACTTCCCCCATCATTCCTACTTCTACTAGCCTCCTCCACAGTCGAAGCCGGAGTAGGCACAGGATGAACTGTATATCCCCCTCTAGCTGGTAACCTCGCCCACGCGGGAGCCTCAGTTGACCTA---GCTATCTTTTCCCTACACCTGGCAGGTATCTCATCTATTCTAGGGGCAATCAACTTTATCACCACAGCAATCAACATAAAACCACCCGCCATCTCACAATACCAAACCCCCCTATTCGTTTGATCAGTACTAATCACCGCAGTCCTACTCCTCCTATCCCTACCCGTACTTGCTGCA---GGTATCACAATGCTACTCACCGACCGTAACCTAAACACCACCTTCTTTGACCCAGCAGGAGGAGGAGACCCAGTGCTATATCAACATCTC
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Zosterops palpebrosus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 28
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Butchart, S. & Symes, A.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

History
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)
  • Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)
  • Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)
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