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The Crimson-bellied Woodpecker (Campephilus haematogaster, including Splendid Woodpecker, C. h. splendens) occurs in the mountains of Central America and northern South America from Panama through Colombia and western Ecuador to Peru. It is associated with humid and wet forest and forest edges, most often in tall forest such as semi-open várzea forest. It is found from lowlands to 1600 m in Panama, above 900 m in Peru, locally to 1500-2000 m. These woodpeckers, which are very shy, are usually encountered in pairs or families. They forage at low levels in dense forest, especially on the trunks of large trees, and at slightly higher levels in more open habitats. Where the range overlaps with that of the Guayaquil Woodpecker, this preference for foraging at lower levels separates the two. The diet includes large adult beetles and very large larvae of wood-boring beetles. The Crimson-bellied Woodpecker has recently been split into two species, C. splendens, which occurs from Panama to western Ecuador, and C. haematogaster, found from the eastern Andes of Colombia to Peru (del Hoyo et al. 2014).
(Winkler et al. 1995 and references therein; Winkler and Christie 2002 and references therein; del Hoyo et al. 2014 and references therein)