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The Cream-backed Woodpecker (Campephilus leucopogon) is found in central South America from north-central Bolivia and western and central Paraguay to north-central Argentina, northern Uruguay, and southeastern Brazil. Cream-backed Woodpeckers are found in the xeric (very dry) woodlands of the chaco; they occur in savannas, pastures with copses, woodland, and transitional forests up to 2500 m. These woodpeckers, which are not shy, appear to be solitary outside the breeding season. They visit tall trees, including isolated trees in open areas, and descend to forage on fallen logs, feeding on beetle larvae.
(Winkler et al. 1995 and references therein; Winkler and Christie 2002 and references therein; del Hoyo et al. 2014 and references therein)