IUCN threat status:

Endangered (EN)

Distribution

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Range Description

Touit melanonotus is confined to south-east Brazil (Bahia, Esprito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, So Paulo and Paran). It is sporadically, but widely, reported in Rio de Janeiro, while in So Paulo, there are records from six sites south to Ilha do Cardoso (Wege and Long 1995). Recent records from three sites in Bahia (J. Minns in litt. 1999, E. O.Willis and Y.Oniki in litt. 1999) are the first since the 19th century. It has generally been considered rare throughout its range, even by 19th century commentators, but with the proviso that parrotlets of this genus occur at very low densities, and their inconspicuous habits result in their often being overlooked. Records from several new sites since the mid-1980s, including the first for Esprito Santo (E. O.Willis and Y.Oniki in litt. 1999) and Paran (Mazar Barnett et al. 2004), have stemmed from knowledge of the species's calls, after previously fruitless fieldwork in the areas involved.

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Source: IUCN

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