IUCN threat status:

Endangered (EN)


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Range Description

Amazona vinacea has become rare throughout its extensive range. In the early 1980s, Paraguay was considered the global stronghold, but all remaining subpopulations in Canindey, Alto Paran, and Caaguaz number fewer than c.200 birds (Wege and Long 1995, Lowen et al. 1996, Cockle et al. 2007). The Itaip reserves and Reserva Natural Privada Itab are key sites and the minimum remaining population in Paraguay has been estimated at 220 birds (Cockle et al. 2007). There are no recent records from Caazap or Concepcin, and it has probably been extirpated in Amambay (where its historical occurrence is doubtful), Itapa and Guair. It is perhaps most common in Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina and Paran (several populations of more than 100 birds), southern Brazil, and low numbers persist in Minas Gerais and So Paulo, within an estimated national total of 1,500-2,000 birds (G. A. Bencke and A. E. Rupp in litt. 2009). It was possibly never common, and must be close to extinction in Bahia, Esprito Santo and Rio de Janeiro. In Argentina, few populations remain in Misiones, and the species's stronghold is the mosaic of small farms and forest remnants between San Pedro and Santa Rosa (San Pedro Important Bird Area) (Bodrati et al. 2005), with two small additional populations near Campo Viera and Bernardo de Yrigoyen (Cockle et al. 2007). A 2007 census yielded a minimum of 253 individuals in Argentina.


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© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN


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