Data about <i>Rynchops niger</i>

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Distribution

 
latitude min
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Additional detail
-25.5 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
44.85 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude min
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Additional detail
-119 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
-47.4 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
geographic distribution includes
Additional detail
Gulf of Maine
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Gulf of Mexico
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
North America
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
North West Atlantic
World Register of Marine Species  

Physical Description

 
body length (VT) average
Additional detail
46 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
40 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
50 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass average
Additional detail
315 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
265 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
365 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
2.47 log10 grams
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
wingspan average
Additional detail
112 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
sexual dimorphism
  • sexual dimorphism
    Sexual dimorphism is a phenotypic difference between males and females of the same species. The prototypical example is for differences in characteristics of reproductive organs. Other possible examples are for secondary sex characteristics, body size and morphology, ornamentation and behavior.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Dimorphism
Additional detail
male larger
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
weight
Additional detail
315 g adult
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

 
habitat
Additional detail
animal habitation
  • animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
aquatic habitat
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
bay
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
bay
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
beach
  • beach
    A landform consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, cobble, or even shell fragments along the shoreline of a body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000091
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
brackish water
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
desert
  • desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
dune
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
estuarine biome
  • estuarine biome
    Expressions of the estuarine biome occur at wide lower courses of a rivers where they flow into a sea. Estuaries experience tidal flows and their water is a changing mixture of fresh and salt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
estuary
  • estuary
    A semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000045
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
fresh water
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
island
  • island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
island
  • island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
lagoon
  • lagoon
    A sheet of saline water separated from the open sea by sand or shingle banks. The sheet of water between an offshore reef, especially of coral and mainland. The sheet of water within a ring or horseshoe shaped atoll.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000038
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
lake
  • lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
Large river biome
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
Large river biome
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
marine biome
  • marine biome
    An aquatic biome that comprises systems of open-ocean and unprotected coastal habitats, characterized by exposure to wave action, tidal fluctuation, and ocean currents as well as systems that largely resemble these. Water in the marine biome is generally within the salinity range of seawater: 30 to 38 ppt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000447
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
marsh
  • marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
marsh
  • marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mudflat
  • mudflat
    A wetland that forms when mud is deposited by the tides, rivers, sea or oceans.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000192
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
pond
  • pond
    A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
river
  • river
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
river bank
  • river bank
    The sloping margin of a river, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000143
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
saline marsh
  • saline marsh
    A marsh whose water contains a considerable quantity of dissolved salts.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000054
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
saline water
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sand
  • sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sand
  • sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sandy beach
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
stream
  • stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
subtropical
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
temperate
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
tropical
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
 
foraging habitat
Additional detail
freshwater and marine habitat
  • freshwater and marine habitat
    Freshwater and marine habitat.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwaterAndMarine
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
primary diet
Additional detail
preys upon or scavenges vertebrates adult
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail
0.74 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
1.35 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water temperature min
Additional detail
25.14 degrees Celsius
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
25.29 degrees Celsius
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water silicate concentration min
Additional detail
1.72 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
2.89 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail
0.2 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
0.26 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail
4.7 mL/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
4.8 mL/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water O2 saturation min
Additional detail
100.51 percent
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
101.67 percent
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water salinity min
Additional detail
34.06 PSU
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
35.25 PSU
OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

 
nest type
Additional detail
open cup
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
developmental mode
Additional detail
semiprecocial
  • semiprecocial
    Parent(s) provide food but not thermoregulation (e.g., gulls and terns).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/semiprecocial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
foraging time
Additional detail
diurnal
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
parental care
Additional detail
pair provides care
  • pair provides care
    Both parents feed and nurture offspring.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parentalCarePair
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail
4
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
log10 productivity
Additional detail
-0.511
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
onset of fertility
Additional detail
730 days female
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
730 days male
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
litters per year
Additional detail
1 per year
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
total life span max
Additional detail
20.2 years
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
growth rate
Additional detail
0.23 per day
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
prenatal development duration
  • prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Additional detail
23 days
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
migratory status
Additional detail
migratory
  • migratory
    Makes seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Migratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

Conservation

 
extinction status
Additional detail
extant
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology  

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