The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- - Levi, H. W. 1959. The spider genus Latrodectus (Araneae, Theridiidae). Trans. Am. Microsc. Soc. 78: 7-43.
- Breene, R. G., D. Allen Dean, G. B. Edwards, Blain Hebert, Herbert W. Levi, Gail Manning, et al. 2003. Common Names of Arachnids, Fifth Edition. 42
- Platnick, Norman I. 2011. website. The World Spider Catalog, v.11.0. American Museum of Natural History. Database built by Robert J. Raven from the files underlying the website at http://research.amnh.org/iz/spiders/catalog/ DOI: 10.5531/db.iz.0001
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