The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Beard, K. C. 1998. A new genus of Tarsiidae Mammalia: Primates from the middle eocene of Shanxi Province, China, with notes on the historical biogeography of tarsiers. Bulletin of Carnegie Museum of Natural History 34:260-277.
  • Groves, C. P. 1998. Systematics of tarsiers and lorises. Primates 39:13–27.
  • MacKinnon, J. R., and K. S. MacKinnon,. 1980. The behaviour of wild spectral tarsiers. Int. J. Primatol.1:361–379.
  • Mein P. and L. Ginsburg. 1997. Les mammifères du gisement miocène inférieur de Li Mae Long, Thaïlande : systématique, biostratigraphie et paléoenvironnement. Geodiversitas 19(4):783–844.
  • Merker, S. NS C. P. Groves. 2006. Tarsius lariang: A new primate species from western central Sulawesi. International Journal of Primatology 27(2):465-485.
  • Mittermeier, Rusell A., Anthony B. Rylands, and Don E. Wilson, eds. 2013. Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Volume 3. Primates. 951
  • Musser, G. G., and M. Dagosto. 1987. The identity of Tarsius pumilus, a pygmy species endemic to the montane mossy forests of Central Sulawesi. Am. Mus.Novit.2867:1–53.
  • Niemitz, C., A. Nietsch, S. Warter, and Y. Rumpler. 1991. Tarsius dianae: a new primate species from Central Sulawesi (Indonesia). Folia Primatol. 56:105–116.
  • Niemitz, C., ed. 1984. Biology of Tarsiers. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart, New York.
  • Purvis, A. 1995. A composite estimate of primate phylogeny. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (Series B), 348:405-421.
  • Rasmussen, D.T., G.C. Conroy, and E.L. Simons. 1998. Tarsier-like locomotor specializations in the Oligocene primate Afrotarsius. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 95:14848-14850.
  • Rossie, J. B., X. J. Ni, and K. C. Beard. 2006. Cranial remains of an Eocene tarsier. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 103(12):4381-4385.
  • Shekelle, M., Leksono, S. M., Ichwan, L. L. S., and Masala, Y. (1997). The natural history of the tarsiers of North and Central Sulawesi. Sulawesi Primate Newsletter 4(2): 4–11.
  • Shekelle, M., Morales, J. C., and Melnick, D. (2001). Genetic and acoustic evolution among Eastern tarsiers of northern and central Sulawesi. Presented at the XVIIth Congress of the International Primatological Society, Adelaide, Australia,7–12January2001.
  • Tributsch, H. 1984. How life learned to live. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. 218 p.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 1. xxxv + 743
  • Wright, P. C.. E. L. Simons, and S. Gursky. 2003. Tarsiers. Past, Present, and Future. Rutgers University Press.


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