The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Lane, N. Gary / Ubaghs, Georges, et al. / Moore, Raymond C., and Curt Teichert, eds. 1978. Historical Review of Classification of Crinoidea. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part T, Echinodermata 2, vol. 1. T348-T359
  • Messing, C. (2015). Articulata. In: Messing, C. (2015) World List of Crinoidea. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Miller JS (1821) A natural history of the Crinoidea or lily-shaped animals, with observations on the genera Asteria, Euryale, Comatula, and Marsupites. C. Frost. Bristol. 150 p., 50 pl.


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