The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Fransen, C.; De Grave, S. (2015). Petalidium Spence Bate, 1881. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). 1980-2005. Fl. Pakistan Univ. of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Plantae Asiaticae Rariores 3: 75, 82. 1832. (Pl. Asiat. Rar.)
  • Pérez Farfante, Isabel, and Brian Kensley. 1997. Penaeoid and Sergestoid Shrimps and Prawns of the World: Keys and Diagnoses for the Families and Genera. Mémoirs du Muséum nationale d'Histoire naturelle, tome 175. 233
  • Spence Bate, C., 1881. On the Penaeidae.— The Annals and Magazine of Natural History (5) 8: 169-196, Plates 11-12.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!