The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Cannatella, D. C. 1985. A phylogeny of primitive frogs (archaeobatrachians). Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Kansas, Lawrence.
  • Clarke, B. T. 1987. A description of the skeletal morphology of Barbourula (Anura: Discoglossidae), with comments on its relationships. J. Nat. Hist. 21:879-891.
  • Ford, L. S., and D. C. Cannatella. 1993. The major clades of frogs. Herp. Monogr. 7:94-117.
  • Griffiths, I. 1963. The phylogeny of the Salientia. Biological Reviews 38:241-292.
  • Hay, J. M., I. Ruvinsky, S. B. Hedges, and L. R. Maxson. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of amphibian families inferred from DNA sequences of mitochondrial 12S and 16S ribosomal RNA genes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 12(5):928-937.
  • Lanza, B., J. M. Cei, and E. G. Crespo. 1976. Further immunological evidence for the validity of the family Bombinidae (Amphibia, Salientia). Monit. Zool. Ital. (NS) 10:311-314.
  • Roelants, K., and F. Bossuyt. 2005. Archaeobatrachian paraphyly and Pangaean diversification of crown-group frogs. Syst. Biol. 54(1):111-126.
  • Yu, G., J. Yang, M. Zhang, and D. Rao. 2007. Phylogenetic and systematic study of the genus Bombina (Amphibia: Anura: Bombinatoridae): new insights from molecular data. Journal of Herpetology 41(3):365-377.


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