Data about Mammalia

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Ecology

 
habitat
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animal habitation
  • animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
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anthropogenic habitat
  • anthropogenic habitat
    A habitat that is in or on an environmental feature or material derived from human activity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002031
Environments - EOL project  
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aquatic habitat
Environments - EOL project  
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arboreal habitat
Environments - EOL project  
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brackish water
Environments - EOL project  
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canopy
Environments - EOL project  
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channel
  • channel
    The physical confine of a river, slough or ocean strait consisting of a bed and banks.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000395
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
chaparral
  • chaparral
    A shrubland area found primarily in regions with a Mediterranean climate (mid, wet winters and hot dry summers) often shaped by wildfires.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000301
Environments - EOL project  
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city
Environments - EOL project  
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coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
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desert
  • desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
Environments - EOL project  
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desert
  • desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
Environments - EOL project  
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dune
Environments - EOL project  
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estuarine biome
  • estuarine biome
    Expressions of the estuarine biome occur at wide lower courses of a rivers where they flow into a sea. Estuaries experience tidal flows and their water is a changing mixture of fresh and salt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000020
Environments - EOL project  
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forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
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fresh water
Environments - EOL project  
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grassland
  • grassland
    An area in which grasses (Graminae) are a significant component of the vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000106
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
ice cap
  • ice cap
    A dome-shaped ice mass that covers less than 50,000 km2 of land area (usually covering a highland area).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000145
Environments - EOL project  
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intertidal zone
  • intertidal zone
    The area of the foreshore and seabed that is exposed to the air at low tide and submerged at high tide, i.e., the area between tide marks.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000316
Environments - EOL project  
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lake
  • lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
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Large river biome
Environments - EOL project  
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marine biome
  • marine biome
    An aquatic biome that comprises systems of open-ocean and unprotected coastal habitats, characterized by exposure to wave action, tidal fluctuation, and ocean currents as well as systems that largely resemble these. Water in the marine biome is generally within the salinity range of seawater: 30 to 38 ppt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000447
Environments - EOL project  
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marsh
  • marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
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mediterranean sea biome
  • mediterranean sea biome
    The mediterranean sea biome comprises mostly enclosed seas that have limited exchange of deep water with outer oceans and where the water circulation is dominated by salinity and temperature differences rather than winds.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000047
Environments - EOL project  
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mount
  • mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
Environments - EOL project  
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ocean
  • ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
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ocean
  • ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
oceanic island
  • oceanic island
    An island that does not sit on a continental shelf, and is of volcanic origin.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000222
Environments - EOL project  
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pelagic zone
Environments - EOL project  
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pond
  • pond
    A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
Environments - EOL project  
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reef
  • reef
    A ridge of rocks, lying near the surface of the sea, which may be visible at low tide, but is usually covered by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000130
Environments - EOL project  
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saline water
Environments - EOL project  
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savanna
  • savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
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scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
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sea
  • sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
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shore
  • shore
    That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
Environments - EOL project  
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shoreline
  • shoreline
    The line of contact between a body of water and the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000486
Environments - EOL project  
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stream
  • stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
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subterrestrial habitat
  • subterrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is below the surface of the earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000572
Environments - EOL project  
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swamp
  • swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
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temperate
Environments - EOL project  
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terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
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terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
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tropical
Environments - EOL project  
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tundra
  • tundra
    Treeless, level, or gently rolling plains characteristic of arctic or subarctic regions, having a permanently frozen subsoil, and usually supporting low growing vegetation such as lichens, mosses, and stunted shrubs.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000112
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
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wood
Environments - EOL project  
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woodland
Environments - EOL project  
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woodland
Environments - EOL project  
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woodland
Environments - EOL project  

Notes

 
percent species currently described min
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94
Appeltans et al, 2012  
Additional detail
99
Appeltans et al, 2012  
 
number of new species decribed 1999-2008
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3
Appeltans et al, 2012  
 
known marine species
Additional detail
135
Appeltans et al, 2012  
 
total species (expert opinion) min
Additional detail
137
Appeltans et al, 2012  
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143
Appeltans et al, 2012  
 
total unknown species (statistical model) max
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11
Appeltans et al, 2012  

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