Data about Mammalia

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Distribution

 
latitude min
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Additional detail
-14.7 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
latitude max
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Additional detail
-14.7 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude min
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Additional detail
145.45 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude max
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Additional detail
145.45 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

 
sexual dimorphism
  • sexual dimorphism
    Sexual dimorphism is a phenotypic difference between males and females of the same species. The prototypical example is for differences in characteristics of reproductive organs. Other possible examples are for secondary sex characteristics, body size and morphology, ornamentation and behavior.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Dimorphism
Additional detail
female larger
Fairbairn, 2013  
Additional detail
genital opening
  • genital opening
    genital opening differs between males and females
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/genitalOpening
Fairbairn, 2013  
Additional detail
integument
  • integument
    integument differs between males and females. Includes the size, number, distribution or shape of cilia, scales, spines, hooks, bristles, feathers, hair, horns and teeth. Although not integmental structures, the antlers of mammals are included in this category because they are analogous in function to the sexually-selected horns and spines of other animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/integumentDimorphic
Fairbairn, 2013  
Additional detail
intromission
Fairbairn, 2013  
Additional detail
male larger
Fairbairn, 2013  
Additional detail
sexes colored or patterned differently
  • sexes colored or patterned differently
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Sexes_colored_or_patterned_differently
Fairbairn, 2013  
Additional detail
sexes shaped differently
Fairbairn, 2013  
Additional detail
visible gonads
Fairbairn, 2013  

Ecology

 
habitat
Additional detail
animal habitation
  • animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
anthropogenic habitat
  • anthropogenic habitat
    A habitat that is in or on an environmental feature or material derived from human activity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002031
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
aquatic habitat
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
arboreal habitat
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
brackish water
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
canopy
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
channel
  • channel
    The physical confine of a river, slough or ocean strait consisting of a bed and banks.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000395
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
chaparral
  • chaparral
    A shrubland area found primarily in regions with a Mediterranean climate (mid, wet winters and hot dry summers) often shaped by wildfires.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000301
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
city
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
desert
  • desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
desert
  • desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
dune
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
estuarine biome
  • estuarine biome
    Expressions of the estuarine biome occur at wide lower courses of a rivers where they flow into a sea. Estuaries experience tidal flows and their water is a changing mixture of fresh and salt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
fresh water
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
grassland
  • grassland
    An area in which grasses (Graminae) are a significant component of the vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000106
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
ice cap
  • ice cap
    A dome-shaped ice mass that covers less than 50,000 km2 of land area (usually covering a highland area).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000145
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
intertidal zone
  • intertidal zone
    The area of the foreshore and seabed that is exposed to the air at low tide and submerged at high tide, i.e., the area between tide marks.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000316
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
lake
  • lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
Large river biome
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
marine biome
  • marine biome
    An aquatic biome that comprises systems of open-ocean and unprotected coastal habitats, characterized by exposure to wave action, tidal fluctuation, and ocean currents as well as systems that largely resemble these. Water in the marine biome is generally within the salinity range of seawater: 30 to 38 ppt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000447
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
marsh
  • marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mediterranean sea biome
  • mediterranean sea biome
    The mediterranean sea biome comprises mostly enclosed seas that have limited exchange of deep water with outer oceans and where the water circulation is dominated by salinity and temperature differences rather than winds.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000047
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mount
  • mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
ocean
  • ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
ocean
  • ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
oceanic island
  • oceanic island
    An island that does not sit on a continental shelf, and is of volcanic origin.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000222
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
pelagic zone
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
pond
  • pond
    A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
reef
  • reef
    A ridge of rocks, lying near the surface of the sea, which may be visible at low tide, but is usually covered by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000130
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
saline water
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
savanna
  • savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sea
  • sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
shore
  • shore
    That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
shoreline
  • shoreline
    The line of contact between a body of water and the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000486
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
stream
  • stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
subterrestrial habitat
  • subterrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is below the surface of the earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000572
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
swamp
  • swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
temperate
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
tropical
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
tundra
  • tundra
    Treeless, level, or gently rolling plains characteristic of arctic or subarctic regions, having a permanently frozen subsoil, and usually supporting low growing vegetation such as lichens, mosses, and stunted shrubs.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000112
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wood
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
 
water depth min
Additional detail
2 m
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water depth max
Additional detail
2 m
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail
0.09 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water nitrate concentration max
Additional detail
0.09 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water temperature min
Additional detail
26.8 degrees Celsius
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water temperature max
Additional detail
26.8 degrees Celsius
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water silicate concentration min
Additional detail
1.0 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water silicate concentration max
Additional detail
1.0 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail
0.13 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water phosphate concentration max
Additional detail
0.13 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail
4.67 mL/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water dissolved O2 concentration max
Additional detail
4.67 mL/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water O2 saturation min
Additional detail
101.57 percent
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water O2 saturation max
Additional detail
101.57 percent
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water salinity min
Additional detail
34.98 PSU
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water salinity max
Additional detail
34.98 PSU
OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

 
reproduction
Additional detail
dioecious
  • dioecious
    Dioecy (Greek: "two households"; adjective form: dioecious) is characterised by a species having distinct male and female organisms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/dioecious
Fairbairn, 2013  

Notes

 
percent species currently described min
Additional detail
94
Appeltans et al, 2012  
 
percent species currently described max
Additional detail
99
Appeltans et al, 2012  
 
number of new species decribed 1999-2008
Additional detail
3
Appeltans et al, 2012  
 
known marine species
Additional detail
135
Appeltans et al, 2012  
 
total species (expert opinion) min
Additional detail
137
Appeltans et al, 2012  
 
total species (expert opinion) max
Additional detail
143
Appeltans et al, 2012  
 
total unknown species (statistical model) max
Additional detail
11
Appeltans et al, 2012  

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