The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. Carter, D. (1992) Butterflies and moths. Dorling Kindersley, London.
  • 2. Asher, J., Warren, M., Fox, R., Harding, P., Jeffcoate, G. & Jeffcoate, S. (2001) The Millennium Atlas of Butterflies in Britain and Ireland. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 3. Carter, D. & Hargreaves, B. (1986) A field guide to caterpillars of butterflies and moths in Britain and Europe. William Collins & Sons Ltd, London.
  • Angulo AO & ME Casanueva. 1981. Catalgo de los lepidópteros geométridos de Chile (Lepidoptera: Geometridae). Boletín Sociedad de Biología de Concepción (Chile) 51: 7-39. Angulo AO & C Jana-Saenz. 1983. Catálogo crítico, ilustrado y claves de Catocalinae y Ophiderinae para Chile (Lepidoptera: Noctudidae). Gayana Zool. (Chile) 45: 1-26.
  • F., Gilbert., & S. Zalat.   (2007).  Butterflies of Egypt: Atlas, Red Data Listing & conservation, Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs, Cairo, Egypt..  
  • Häuser C., Holstein J., Kroupa A.S., Steiner A. & Turiault M. (eds) (2015). GloBIS (GART): Global Butterfly Information System (version Sep 2013). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Pelham, Jonathan P. 2008. A catalogue of the butterflies of the United States and Canada with a complete bibliography of the descriptive and systematic literature. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, vol. 40. xiv + 658
  • Pieris brassicae Linnaeus
  • [Anonymous]   (2005).  Butterflies and Moths of North America .  


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