The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. National Biodiversity Network Species Dictionary (September 2003) http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nbn/http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nbn/ External link.
  • 2. Carter, D. (1992) Butterflies and moths. Dorling Kindersley, London.
  • 3. Asher, J., Warren, M., Fox, R., Harding, P., Jeffcoate, G. & Jeffcoate, S. (2001) The Millennium Atlas of Butterflies in Britain and Ireland. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 4. Still, J. (1996) Collins Wild Guide: butterflies and moths of Britain and Europe. Harper Collins Publishers, London.
  • F., Gilbert., & S. Zalat.   (2007).  Butterflies of Egypt: Atlas, Red Data Listing & conservation, Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs, Cairo, Egypt..  
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2015. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication. illinoiswildflowers.info, version (07/2015) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
  • Häuser C., Holstein J. & Steiner A. (eds) (2013). GloBIS (GART): Global Butterfly Information System (version Sep 2012). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Pelham, Jonathan P. 2008. A catalogue of the butterflies of the United States and Canada with a complete bibliography of the descriptive and systematic literature. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, vol. 40. xiv + 658
  • Pieris rapae Linnaeus
  • Stavenga, D.G.; Arikawa, K. 2006. Evolution of color and vision of butterflies. Review. Arthropod Structure & Development. 35: 307-318.

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