The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Brower, A. V. Z., Freitas, A. V. L., Lee, M.-M., Silva-Brandao, K. L., Whinnett, A. & Willmott, K. R. 2006 Phylogenetic relationships among the Ithomiini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) inferred from one mitchondrial and two nuclear gene regions. Syst. Ent. 31, 288-301.
  • Gen. Names Holarctic Butterfl., 1, 28.
  • Lamas, G. (ed.) 2004 Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papiionoidea. Gainesville: Scientific Publishers/Association of Tropical Lepidoptera.
  • Neild, A. F. E. 2008 The Butterflies of Venezuela. Part 2: Nymphalidae II (Acraeinae, Libytheinae, NYmphalinae, Ithomiinae, Morphinae). London: Meridian Publications.


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