Exclusively colonial corals resulting from extratentacular budding resulting in dendroid, plocoid, or ramose colonies. Corallites externally thickened with extensive non-costate, dense coenosteum. Septa usually highly exsert, composed of one fan system of simple trabeculae; septal margins only minutely dentate. Endothecal dissepiments thin or replaced with dense stereome.
This page is still under construction and at this point merely serves as transportation to lower level taxa.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
Specimens with Sequences:28
Specimens with Barcodes:21
Species With Barcodes:8
Oculinidae is a family of colonial corals. Oculina and Schizoculina are found in the Atlantic Ocean while Galaxea and Simplastrea are found in the Indo-Pacific and the Red Sea. Most species are uncommon but Galaxea is widely distributed and common.
Members of the family Oculinidae are characterised by having the walls of the corallites (the cavities which house the polyps) being composed of solid walled though rather fragile tubes connected by a smooth skeletal material called coenosteum. The corallites are widely spaced and robust. The septae (ridges on the corallite walls) curve noticeably outward giving the coral a spiky appearance. Many species in this family form a symbiotic relationship with the flagellate protozoa zooxanthellae which live within the tissues of the polyps. These are photosynthetic algae that provide nutrients for the polyps while themselves benefiting from a safe environment and an elevated, sunny position.
The World Register of Marine Species lists the following genera:
- Bathelia Moseley, 1881
- Cyathelia Milne-Edwards & Haime, 1849
- Galaxea Oken, 1815
- Madrepora Linnaeus, 1758
- Oculina Lamarck, 1816
- Petrophyllia Conrad, 1855
- Sclerhelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850
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