The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Brown, L.H., E.K. Urban & K. Newman (1982). The Birds of Africa, Volume I. Academic Press, London.
  • Warham, J. / Stonehouse, Bernard, ed. 1975. The Crested Penguins. The Biology of Penguins. ix + 555
  • WoRMS (2015). Eudyptes. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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