The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Butler, D., 12 December 2013. Fungus threatens top banana: Fears rise for Latin American industry as devastating disease hits leading variety in Africa and Middle East. Nature News. Nature 504, 195–196
  • García-Bastidas, F., N. Ordóñez, J. Konkol, M. Al-Qasim, M. Abdelwali, Jordan; N. Salem, Amman; C. Waalwijk, R. C. Ploetz and G. H. J. Kema, May 2014. First Report of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense Tropical Race 4 Associated with Panama Disease of Banana outside Southeast Asia. Plant Disease 98 (5): 694. Retrieved May 28, 2014 from
  • Gonsalves, A. K., and S. A. Ferreira, 1993. Fusarium oxysporum. Crop knowledge master, Department of Plant Pathology, CTAHR. University of Hawaii at Manoa. Retrieved May 28, 2014 from
  • IITA Press Release, 29 November 2013. New banana disease to Africa found in Mozambique. Retrieved May 28, 2014 from
  • Kirk P.M. (2013). Species Fungorum (version 9.0, Sep 2010). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Kirk, P. (2015). Fusarium oxysporum Schltdl., 1824. In: Index Fungorum Partnership (2015) Index Fungorum. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Miller, S.A., R.C. Rowe and R.M. Riedel, 1996. Fusarium and Verticillium Wilts of Tomato, Potato, Pepper, and Eggplant: Factsheet. HYG-3122-96. The Ohio State University Extension, Plant Pathology. Retrieved May 28, 2014 from
  • Ortoneda, M., J. Guarro, M. P. Madrid, Z. Caracuel, M. I. G. Roncero, E. Mayayo, and A. Di Pietro, 2004. Fusarium oxysporum as a multihost model for the genetic dissection of fungal virulence in plants and mammals. Infect. Immun. 72(3):1760-1766. doi: 10.1128/IAI.72.3.1760-1766.2004
  • O’Donnell, K., H. C. Kistler, E. Cigelnik and R. C. Ploetz, 1998. Multiple evolutionary origins of the fungus causing Panama disease of banana: Concordant evidence from nuclear and mitochondrial gene genealogies. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 95(5): 2044–2049.
  • Plant Health Australia, 2013. Panama Disease Fact Sheet. Retrieved May 28, 2014 from
  • Schltdl. 1824. In: Fl. berol. (Berlin) 2:139
  • The New York Botanical Garden, 2003. How is Fusarium oxysporum spread? Retrieved May 28, 2014 from
  • Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia 11 May 2014b. Fusarium wilt. Retrieved May 28, 2014 from
  • Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, 11 May 2014a. Fusarium oxysporum. Retrieved May 28, 2014 from
  • Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, 11 May 2014c. Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense. Retrieved May 28, 2014 from
  • [10] Sutherland, J.B., Pometto, A.L. III and Crawford, D.L. 1983. Lignocellulose degradation by Fusarium species. Can. J. Bot. 61:1194-1198.
  • [11] Christakopoulos, P., Kekos, D., Macris, B.J., Claeyssens, M. and Bhat, M.K. 1995. Purification and mode of action of a low molecular mass endo-1,4-B-D-glucanase from Fusarium oxysporum. J. Biotechnol. 39:85-93.
  • [12] Christakopoulos, P., Nerinckx, W., Kekos, D., Macris, B. and Claeyssens, M. 1996. Purification and characterization of two low molecular mass alkaline xylanases from Fusarium oxysporum F3. J. Biotechnol. 51:181-180.
  • [13] Snyder, W.C. and Hansen, H.N. 1940. The species concept in Fusarium. Amer. J. Bot. 27:64-67.
  • [14] Gordon, T.R., Okamoto, D. and Jacobson, D.J. 1989. Colonization of muskmelon and nonsusceptible crops by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melonis and other species of Fusarium. Phytopathology 79:1095-1100.
  • [15] Katan, J. 1971. Symptomless carriers of the tomato Fusarium wilt pathogen. Phytopathology 61:1213-1217.
  • [16] Larkin, R.P., Hopkins, D.L. and Martin, F.N. 1993. Effect of successive watermelon plantings on Fusarium oxysporum and other microorganisms in soils suppressive and conducive to fusarium wilt of watermelon. Phytopathology 83:1097-1105.
  • [17] Lemanceau, P., Bakker, P.A.H.M., DeKogel, W.J., Alabouvette, C. and Schippers, B. 1993. Antagonistic effect of nonpathogenic Fusarium oxysporum Fo47 and pseudobactin 358 upon pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. dianthi. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:74-82.
  • [18] Teetor-Barsch, G.H. and Roberts, D.W. 1983. Entomogenous Fusarium species. Mycopathologia 84:3-16.
  • [19 Nelson, P.E., Dignani, M.C. and Anaissie, E.J. 1994. Taxonomy, biology, and clinical aspects of Fusarium species. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 7:479-504.
  • [1] Snyder, W.C. and Hansen, H.N. 1940. The species concept in Fusarium. Amer. J. Bot. 27:64-67.
  • [20] Kistler, H.C. 2001. Evolution of host specificity in Fusarium oxysporum. Pages 70-82 in: Fusarium: Paul E. Nelson Memorial Symposium. B.A. Summerell, J.F. Leslie, D. Backhouse, W.L. Bryden and L.W. Burgess, eds. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN.
  • [2] Wollenweber, H.W. and Reinking, O.A. 1935. Die Fusarien, ihre Beschreibung, Schadwirkung und Bekampfung. P. Parey, Berlin. 365 pp.
  • [3] Booth, C. 1971. The Genus Fusarium. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew, Surrey, UK, 237 pp.
  • [4] Nelson, P.E., Toussoun, T.A. and Marasas, W.F.O. 1983. Fusarium species: An illustrated manual for identification. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park.
  • [5] O'Donnell, K. and Cigelnik, E. 1997. Two divergent intragenomic rDNA ITS2 types within a monophyletic lineage of the fungus Fusarium are nonorthologous. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 7:103-116.
  • [6] Waalwijk, C., De Koning, J.R.A., Baayen, R.P. and Gams, W. 1996. Discordant groupings of Fusarium spp. from section Elegans, Liseola and Dlaminia based on ribosomal ITS1 and ITS2 sequences. Mycologia 88:361-368.
  • [7] Gordon, T.R. and Martyn, R.D. 1997. The evolutionary biology of Fusarium oxysporum. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 35:111-128.
  • [8] Stoner, M.F. 1981. Ecology of Fusarium in noncultivated soils. Pages 276-286 in: Fusarium: Diseases, Biology, and Taxonomy. P.E. Nelson, T.A. Toussoun and R.J. Cook, eds. The Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park.
  • [9] Rodriguez, A., Perestelo, F., Carnicero, A., Regalado, V., Perez, R., De la Fuente, G. and Falcon, M.A.1996. Degradation of natural lignins and lignocellulosic substrates by soil-inhabiting fungi imperfecti. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 21:213-219.
  •  Nafady, N.A. 2008. Ecological, physiological and taxonomical studies on the genus Fusarium in Egypt. MSc thesis, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Egypt. 


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