The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1 National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).
  • 2 California Fungi: Clathrus ruber
  • 3 Cage Fungus – Clathrus ruber.
  • 4 Breitenback J., Kränzlin F. (1986). Fungi of Switzerland, Volume 2. Verlag Mykologia, Lucerne, Switzerland. 398 p.
  • 5 Borror, D.J. 1971. Dictionary of word roots and combining forms. Compiled from the Greek, Latin, and other languages, with special reference to biological terms and scientific names. Palo Alto, California.
  • Calonge, Francisco D. (1998). Flora Mycologica Iberica. Vol. 3. Gasteromycetes, I. Lycoperdales, Nidulariales, Phallales, Sclerodermatales, Tulostomatales. J. Cramer: Berlin, Germany. 271 p.
  • Dring, D. M. (1980). Contributions towards a rational arangement of the Clathraceae. Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew, Surrey, England. 96 p.
  • Kirk P.M. (2015). Species Fungorum (version Feb 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Pegler, D. N., Læssøe, T. & Spooner, B. M. (1995). British Puffballs, Earthstars, and Stinkhorns. Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew, England. 255 p.
  • Pers. 1801. In: Syn. meth. fung. (Göttingen) 2:[241]
  • Syn. meth. fung. (Göttingen) 2: 241 (1801)


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