The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Adrianov, A. V., and V. V. Malakhov. 1996. The phylogeny, classification and zoogeography of the class Priapulida, pt. 1: Phylogeny and classification. Zoosystematica Rossica, vol. 4, no. 2. 219-238
  • Neuhaus, B. (2004). Chaetostephanidae. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Salvini-Plawen, Luitfried v. 1974. Zur Morphologie und Systematikder Priapulida: Chaetostephanus praeposteriens, der Vertreter einer neuen Ordnung Seticoronaria. Zeitschrift für zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung, vol. 12. 31-54


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