The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Cairns S. D. and Keller N. B., 1993 . 247. Article:New taxa and distributional records of azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) from the tropical south-west Indian Ocean, with comments on their zoogeography and ecology. Pages:213-292. Journal:Annals of the South African Museum. Abbreviation:Ann. S. Afr. Mus. Volume: 103. Part:5. Date of publication: 1993. External link.
  • Cairns S. D., 1999 . 104 Figs. 15 h. Article:Cnidaria Anthozoa: deep-water azooxanthellate Scleractinia from Vanuatu, and Wallis and Futuna Islands. Pages:31-167. Journal:Memoires du Museum National d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris. Abbreviation:Mem. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. (Paris). Volume: 180. Series:Resulats des Campagnes Musorstom, Volume 20. Date of publication: 1999. External link.
  • Cairns S. D., Hoeksema B. W., and van der Land J., 1999 . 19. Article:Appendix: List of extant stony corals. Pages:13-46. Journal:Atoll Research Bulletin. Abbreviation:Atoll Res. Bull. Volume: . Number:459. Date of publication: 1999. External link.
  • Cairns, Stephen D. 1999. Species richness of recent Scleractinia. Atoll Research Bulletin, no. 59. 1-46
  • Land J. van der (ed) (†) (2015). URMO: UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (version Nov 2008). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Marenzeller E. V., 1904 (original description). 263, 265, 266, 267, 301-302, Plate XVIII. Article:Steinkorallen. Pages:261-318. Journal:Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition auf dem Dampfer "Valdivia" 1898-1899. Abbreviation:Wiss. Ergebn. Dt. Tiefsee-Exped. Volume: 7. Part:3. Date of publication: 1904. External link.
  • Squires D. F., 1959 . 24. Article:Deep sea corals collected by the Lamont Geological Observatory. 1 Atlantic corals. Pages:1-42. Journal:American Museum Novitates. Abbreviation:Am. Mus. Novit. Volume: 1965. Date of publication: September 16, 1959. External link.


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