The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Almy, C. y Carrión-Torres, C. 1963. Shallow Water Stony Corals of Puerto Rico. Caribbean Journal of Science. 3 (2 & 3) : 133-162.
  • Alvarenga, K., Nuengsigkapian, P., Schulman, M., Speier, S. y Tsioumani, E. 2002. Lo más destacado de la COP-12 de CITES. Boletín de Negociaciones de la Tierra. 21 (22): 2
  • Aronson, R., Bruckner, A., Moore,J., Precht,B. y Weil,E. 2008. Oculina diffusa. In: IUCN 2010. [en línea] [consulta: 30/abril/2010]
  • Britton J. C. and Morton B., 1989 . 281, 345. Reference type:Book. Book title:Shore Ecology of the Gulf of Mexico. Edited by:None. Total pages:387. Publisher:University of Texas Press. City:Austin. Date of publication: 1989. External link.
  • Brooke S. and Young C. M., 2005 (2004) . 665. Article:Embryogenesis and larval biology of the ahermatypic scleractinian *Oculina varicosa*. Pages:665-675. Journal:Marine Biology. Abbreviation:Mar. Biol. Volume: 146. Date of publication: 2005 (2004). External link.
  • Cairns S. D., Hoeksema B. W., and van der Land J., 1999 . 36. Article:Appendix: List of extant stony corals. Pages:13-46. Journal:Atoll Research Bulletin. Abbreviation:Atoll Res. Bull. Volume: . Number:459. Date of publication: 1999. External link.
  • Cairns S. D., den Hartog J. C., and Arneson C. A., 1986 . 185, 186; Plate 55. Reference type:Chapter. Chapter:Class Anthozoa (Corals, anemones). Chapter Pages:742. Book Title:Marine Fauna and Flora of Bermuda. A Systematic Guide to the Identification of Marine Organisms. Edition:1st. Edited by:Wolfgang Sterrer and Christiane Schoepfer-Sterrer. Publisher:John Wiley & Sons. City:New York. Date of publication: 1986. External link.
  • Cairns, Stephen D. 1999. Species richness of recent Scleractinia. Atoll Research Bulletin, no. 59. 1-46
  • Dana J. D., 1846 . 391, 396, 397. Reference type:Book. Book title:Zoophytes. Volume VII of the United States Exploring Expedition. During the Years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842. Under the command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Volume:7. Edited by:None. Total pages:740. Publisher:Lea and Blanchard. City:Philadelphia. Date of publication: 1846. Comments:Also published in 1848. Related references:YES. External link.
  • Dana J. D., 1848 . 391, 396, 397. Reference type:Book. Book title:Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition. During the Years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842. Under the Command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Edited by:None. Total pages:740. Publisher:Lea and Blanchard. City:Philadelphia. Date of publication: 1848. Comments:Also published in 1846. Related references:YES. External link.
  • Duarte-Bello, P. P. 1961. Corales de los arrecifes cubanos. Acuario Nacional Serie Educacional. 2 (25): 85 pp
  • Erhardt, H. y Meinel, W. 1975. Wachstumsuntersuchungen an Vier Verschiedenen Scleractinen Korallenarten in der Bahia de Santa Marta und der Ensenada Chenge an der Kolumbianischen Atlantikküste. Philippia. (5) : 322-327.
  • Fenner D. P., 1993 . 1112. Article:Species distinctions among several Caribbean stony corals. Pages:1099-1116. Journal:Bulletin of Marine Science. Abbreviation:Bull. Mar. Sci. Volume: 53. Number:3. Date of publication: 1993. External link.
  • Geister, J. 1973. Los Arrecifes de la Isla de San Andrés (Mar Caribe, Colombia). Mitteilungen aus dem Instituto Colombo-Alemán de Investigaciones Científicas de Punta de Betín. (7) : 221-228.
  • Goreau, T. F. 1959. The Ecology of Jamaican Coral Reefs. I. Species Composition and Zonation. Ecology. 40 (1) : 67-90.
  • Guzmán H. M., 1998 . 77. Article:Diversity of stony, soft and black corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia, Gorgonacea, Antipatharia; Hydrozoa: Milleporina) at Cayos Cochinos, Bay Islands, Honduras. Pages:75-80. Journal:Revista de Biologia Tropical. Abbreviation:Rev. Biol. Trop. Volume: 46. Number:Suppl. 4. Date of publication: 1998. External link.
  • Horta-Puga, G. y Carricart-Ganivet, J. P 1993. Corales pétreos recientes (Milleporina, Stylasterina y Scleractinia) de México. Biodiversidad Marina y Costera de México. : 80-90
  • Kühlmann D. H. H., 2006 (December 2005) . 63, 97, 111. Article:Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Pages:37-113. Journal:Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften. Abbreviation:Rudolstädter nat. hist. Schr. Volume: 13. Date of publication: 9 January, 2006 (December 2005). External link.
  • Lamarck J. B. P., 1816 (original description). 285-286. Reference type:Book. Book title:Histoire Naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres. Volume:2. Edited by:None. Total pages:568. Publisher:Verdière. City:Paris. Date of publication: 1816. External link.
  • Land J. van der (ed) (†) (2015). URMO: UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (version Nov 2008). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Lighty, R. G. 1977. Relict Shelf-edge Holocene Coral Reef: Southeast Coast of Florida. Proceedings of the 3th International Coral Reef Symposium. 2: 215-221
  • Milne Edwards H. and Haime J., 1850 . 68. Article:Recherches sur les polypiers, cinquiéme mémoire. Monographie des oculinides. Pages:63-110. Journal:Annales des Sciences Naturelles. Abbreviation:Ann. Sci. Nat. Volume: 13. Series:3. Date of publication: 1850. External link.
  • NA. Boletín de Prensa Traffic Norteamérica. Latinoamerica.
  • Ortmann A., 1888 . 162. Article:Studien über Systematik und geographische Verbreitung der Steinkorallen. Pages:. Journal:Zoologische Jahrbücher Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere. Abbreviation:Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere. Volume: 3. Date of publication: 1888. External link.
  • Porter, J. W. 1972. Ecology and species diversity of coral reef on opposite sides of the Isthmus of Panama. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington. (2): 89-116
  • Pourtalès L. F., 1871 . 23, 65, 66, 89. Article:Deep-sea corals. Pages:1-93. Journal:Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College. Abbreviation:Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harv. Volume: 2. Number:IV. Date of publication: 1871. External link.
  • Quelch J. J., 1886 . 9, 11, 47-48, 49, 200. Article:Report on the reef-corals collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Pages:1-208. Journal:Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of the H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76 (Zoology). Abbreviation:Sci. Res. Voy. H.M.S. Challenger. Zool. Volume: 16. Date of publication: 1886. External link.
  • Smith F. G. W., 1954 . 293. Article:Gulf of Mexico Madreporaria. Pages:291-295. Journal:Fishery Bulletin of the Fish and Wildlife Service (U.S). Abbreviation:Fish. Bull. Fish Wildl. Serv. U.S. Volume: 55. Date of publication: 1954. External link.
  • Squires, F. D. 1958. Stony Corals from the Vecinity at Bimini, Bahamas, British West Indies. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 115 (4): 217-262
  • Stoddart, D. R. 1962. Three Caribbean Atolls: Turneffe Islands, Lighouse Reef and Glover's Reef, British Honduras. Atoll Research Bulletin. (87): 87-151
  • Stoddart, D. R. 1969. Ecology and Morphology of Recent Coral Reefs. Biological Reviews. 44: 433-498.
  • Torruco-Gómez, D. 1995. Faunística y ecología de los corales escleractinios del sureste de México. Tesis (doctorado). Barcelona, España.
  • Torruco-Gómez, D. y González-Solis, A. 2002. Conservation and Sustainable Development Proposal for the Chinchorro Bank Reef Complex in the Mexican Caribbean. Proceedings of the 53th Annual Meeting of the Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute. : 659-669
  • Torruco-Gómez, D., González-Solis, A., Corbalá-Bermejo, J. A. y Gutiérrez-Castro, A. I. 2006. ¿Son Productivos los Arrecifes Degradados?: El Caso del Garrafón. Tercera Conferencia Mesoamericana de Turismo Sostenible. : 7-9
  • Vaughan, T. W. 1919. Fossil Corals from Central America, Cuba and Porto Rico with an Account of the American Tertiary, Pleistocene and Recent Coral Reef. United States National Museum Bulletin. (103): 189-524
  • Veron J. E. N., 2000 . 102. Reference type:Book. Book title:Corals of the World, Volume II: Families Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae, Euphyllidae, Oculinidae, Meandrinidae, Siderastreidae, Agariciidae, Fungiidae, Rhizangiidae, Pectiniidae, Merulinidae, Dendrophylliidae, Caryophylliidae. Volume:2. Edited by:None. Total pages:429. Publisher:Australian Institute of Marine Science. City:Townsville. Date of publication: 2000. Comments:type specimes were not fixed for nominal species-groups described in this publication as required by Art. 72.3 of ICZN (Cairns, 2001). External link.
  • Verrill A. E., 1864 . 46. Article:List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. Pages:29-60. Journal:Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard University). Abbreviation:Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Volume: 1. Date of publication: 1864. External link.
  • Verrill A. E., 1901 . 175. Article:Comparisons of the Bermudian, West Indian, and Brazilian coral faunae. Pages:169-206. Journal:Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences. Abbreviation:Trans. Conn. Acad. Arts Sci. Volume: 11. Date of publication: 1901. External link.
  • Verrill A. E., 1905 . 235-236. Article:The Bermuda Islands. Part IV. -- Geology and paleontology, and Part V. -- An account of the coral reefs. Pages:45-348. Journal:Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences. Abbreviation:Trans. Conn. Acad. Arts Sci. Volume: 12. Date of publication: June, 1905. External link.
  • Volpi C. and Benvenuti D., 2003 . 63. Article:The Duchassaing & Michelotti collection of Caribbean corals: status of the types and location of the specimens. Pages:51-74. Journal:Atti della Societa Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale de Milano . Abbreviation:Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Museo Civ. Stor. nat. Milano. Volume: 144. Part:I. Date of publication: Giugno [June], 2003. External link.
  • Voss G. L., Bayer F. M., Robins C. R., Gomon M., and LaRoe E. T., 1969 . 64. Type:Unpublished Thesis. Title:The Marine Ecology of the Biscayne National Monument. No. of pages:128, Fig. 1-40. University:University of Miami. Date of reference 20 September, 1969. External link.
  • Weisbord, N. 1974. Late Cenozoic Corals of South Florida. Bulletins of American Paleontology. 66 (285): 259-543
  • Zlatarski V. N. and Estalella N. M., 1980 . 26, 96-100, 192, 202-204, 229, 244, 246, 247, 250, 268, 301, 307; Plate 48-51. Reference type:Book. Book title:Scleractinia of Cuba with data on the constituent organisms [in Bulgarian]. Edited by:None. Total pages:312. Publisher:Bulgarian Academy of Science. City:Sophia. Date of publication: 1980. External link.
  • Zlatarski, V. y Martínez-Estalella, N. 1982. Les Scleractiniaries de Cuba. Académie Bulgare des Sciences. Cuba.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!