The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Fischer, Alfred G. / Durham, J. Wyatt, et al. / Moore, Raymond C., ed. 1966. Spatangoids. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part U, Echinodermata 3, vol. 2. U543-U628
  • Kroh, A. (2015). Spatangidae Gray, 1825. In: Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2015) World Echinoidea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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