The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Miller, John E., and David L. Pawson. 1984. Holothurians (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises, vol. VII, pt. I. 1-79
  • Müller, J., 1850. Anatomische Studien über die Echinodermen. Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und Wissenschaftliche Medicin 1850: 129-155.
  • Paulay, G.; Hansson, H. (2013). Molpadiidae Müller, 1850. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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