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BiologyFound on the continental shelf. Newbies are found on beaches of between 1 and 5 m depth, juveniles occupy inshore waters at between 15 and 50 m, and adults are found down to 50 and on upper slopes of up to 250 m in depth (Ref. 56500). Presumably feeds on crustaceans and other benthic invertebrates. Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Size at birth at or below about 39 cm. Utilized fresh-frozen and dried salted for human consumption.