endemic to a single nation
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Type of Residency: Year-round
Habitat and Ecology
Habitat Type: Freshwater
Comments: Primary habitat is small headwater streams (Behnke 2002).
Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.
Life History and Behavior
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Oncorhynchus chrysogaster
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 23
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- Needs updating
- 1994Vulnerable (V)
- 1990Vulnerable (V)
- 1988Indeterminate (I)
- 1986Indeterminate (I)
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: G2 - Imperiled
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems
Mexican golden trout
The Mexican golden trout is sexually dimorphic, males can easily be identified from females due to their much longer jaws or kype. Mexican golden trout are brightly colored with blue parr marks on both males and females along the side of the body. Purple scaling is visible along the lateral line. Both sexes also have bright golden-yellow belly coloration. The top of the fish and the tailfin are covered in small black spots with much larger spotting on the dorsal fin. The pectoral fins, pelvic fin and anal fin are light orange in color with white tips. Due to their harsh and small stream habitat the Mexican golden trout remains small even when fully grown. Adults rarely reach over a foot long with the maximum size probably being 10 inches (25 cm).
Mexican golden trout have an extremely limited range, being found only in the pristine high-elevation headwaters of the Fuerte River, Sinaloa River, and Culiacán River drainages in the Sierra Madre Occidental.
Mexican golden trout are limited to small streams known as arroyos created by small cienegas (spring-fed marshes) above 5,000 feet. The surrounding landscape is dominated by deep canyons, scrub forest, evergreens and hardwoods.
Status and threats
Due to their small range and highly sensitive, isolated habitat Mexican golden trout are considered vulnerable. The biggest threats being human development and the possibility of competition/interbreeding with hatchery rainbow trout. The Mexican golden trout was declared an endangered species in 1996.
- Contreras-Balderas, S. & Almada-Villela, P. 1996. Oncorhynchus chrysogaster. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 4 August 2007.
- "Mexican golden trout." Fish Art by Joe Tomelleri. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Aug. 2011. <http://www.americanfishes.com/mexico/chrysogaster.htm>.
- Behnke, Robert J., and Joseph R. Tomelleri. Trout and salmon of North America . Chanticleer Press ed., 1st ed. New York: Free Press, 2002. Print.
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