Thalassoma pavo (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mediterranean Sea : 19600-387 (1 spc.), 30.09.1988 , Orga Beach, Girne , North Cyprus , Tangül Yazgin .
- Nurettin Meriç, Lütfiye Eryilmaz, Müfit Özulug (2007): A catalogue of the fishes held in the Istanbul University, Science Faculty, Hydrobiology Museum. Zootaxa 1472, 29-54: 49-49, URL:http://www.zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:428F3980-C1B8-45FF-812E-0F4847AF6786
It is found throughout most of the Mediterranean Sea, except for parts of the northern coasts of the western Mediterranean and the Adriatic Sea. It is however found in the Ligurian Sea and around Sardinia (Molinari and Tunesi 2003, Molinari 2005, Tunesi et al. 2006, Tunesi and Molinari 2005, Sara et al. 2004, Guidetti et al. 2004, Guidetti et al. 2008). It is absent from the Black Sea (D. Pollard pers. comm. 2008).
Habitat and Ecology
It feeds on small molluscs and crustaceans (Quignard and Pras 1986). The juveniles of this species often clean other fishes (Golani et al. 2006).
This species is a protogynous hermaphrodite, with distinct sexual dichromatism (Gomon and Forsyth 1990). It spawns in spring, and the eggs and larvae are planktonic (Golani et al. 2006).
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.
Depth range (m): 2 - 8
Temperature range (°C): 18.607 - 18.607
Nitrate (umol/L): 0.380 - 0.380
Salinity (PPS): 36.114 - 36.114
Oxygen (ml/l): 5.493 - 5.493
Phosphate (umol/l): 0.095 - 0.095
Silicate (umol/l): 0.910 - 0.910
Depth range (m): 2 - 8
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
From 1 to 150 meters.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Thalassoma pavo
Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.
See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.
Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Thalassoma pavo
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 11
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
The population declined in the 1970's in the Ligurian Sea, but is now recolonising this area (Tunesi pers. comm.). This species is now also expanding its range in the Gulf of Lion, where it was not previously present (Quignard pers. comm.). Overall, the wider Mediterranean populations of this species appear to be stable.
It is the most abundant and common wrasse in the shallow rocky habitats of the Azores (Porteiro 1995, Afonso 2002), Madeira (Ribeiro et al. 2005, 2006) and the Canaries (Falcón et al 1996, Brito et al. 2002). It is also common but not as abundant in Cape Verde (Monteiro et al. 2008).
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems
The ornate wrasse, Thalassoma pavo, is a species of wrasse native to the eastern Atlantic Ocean from Portugal to Gabon and the oceanic islands and into the Mediterranean Sea. This species inhabits areas of rocks and eelgrass in coastal waters at depths from 1 to 150 m (3.3 to 490 ft), though rarely below 50 m (160 ft). It can reach 25 cm (9.8 in) in length, though most do not exceed 20 cm (7.9 in). This species is of minor importance to local commercial fisheries, is also popular as a game fish, and can be found in the aquarium trade.
Several described species and name combinations have been determined to be synonyms of T. pavo:
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