IUCN threat status:

Near Threatened (NT)

Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: grunion (English), pejerrey (Espanol)
Leuresthes sardina (Jenkins and Evermann, 1888)

Gulf grunion

Elongate, slender; head and body compressed; top of head flattened, profile ~ straight; eye small (< ½ head length); snout blunt, a little longer than eye, with two transverse grooves across it; top jaw very wide and strongly extendible; jaw teeth absent to small, if present wide set; 1st dorsal low, with IV spines,  origin behind anus, fin entirely in front of anal fin; 2nd  dorsal I, 9; anal 25;  pectoral fins short (~ 2/3 head length);  2nd  dorsal with scales between front rays; scales large, smooth, 51-60 along midside. 

Color: Pale, with a broad (2 scales wide) stripe along flank is grey above, silvery below; top of head very pale between eyes, dark before and behind them.

Reaches 25 cm.

Habitat – coastal areas and lagoons.

Depth range 0-5 m.

Endemic to the  Gulf of California.


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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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