IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: triggerfish (English), calafate (Espanol), chancho (Espanol), cochito (Espanol)
Sufflamen verres (Gilbert & Starks, 1904)

Orange-side triggerfish

Body oblong, robust, compressed; cheeks with well developed longitudinal grooves; distinct groove before eye and below nostril; a small mouth that opens at the front, with powerful jaws made up of 8 heavy, outer teeth on the upper and lower jaws, teeth notched, uneven in size; gill opening a short slit on side before pectoral base; III dorsal spines, 1st  can be locked erect, 2nd  > ½ the size of 1st; dorsal rays III + 30-33; anal rays 27-30; pectoral rays 14- 15; soft dorsal and anal of uniform height, not higher at front; most rays of dorsal, anal and pectoral fins branched;  enlarged tubercles on tail base and rear body; tail with straight border; pelvic fins externally reduced to 4 pairs of large scales encasing end of pelvis; thick leathery skin, with regularly arranged diagonal scale plates; snout completely scaled; a group of large, partly separated bony scales that form a thick membrane immediately behind gill opening; lateral line inconspicuous.

Dark brown on upper half of body, light brown to yellowish orange on head and lower side of body; a thin oblique yellow bar from rear corner of mouth across lower part of head; cheek with narrow black stripes; juveniles  with dark brown spots and broken lines on upper half of body.

Size: grows to 40 cm.

Inhabits rocky reefs.

Depth: 3-35 m.

Southern Baja California to the lower 2/3 of the Gulf of California, to Ecuador, and all the oceanic islands.


Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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