IUCN threat status:

Vulnerable (VU)

Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: wrasse (English), señorita (Espanol)
Halichoeres adustus (Gilbert, 1890)

Black wrasse

Elongate, compressed; enlarged canine teeth at front of both jaws (1 pair above, 2 pairs below), a canine at rear of top jaws; dorsal fin IX, 11; anal rays III, 12; pectoral rays 12; lateral line unbroken, but abruptly bent down under rear of dorsal fin, its tubes branched, except those on tail base; lateral line with 27 pored scales.

IP:  dark grey-brown, nearly blackish except lighter on head and breast; head and body with numerous small blue or white spots arranged in longitudinal rows; tail fin with broad white posterior marking; TP:  uniformly dark brown or blackish with narrow bluish margin on median fins; juveniles similar to IP except a white bar at level of posterior part of pectoral fin, a white-edged black spot on middle of dorsal fin, and several large white blotches scattered on side.

Size: reaches at least 12.5 cm.

Habitat: common on rocky reefs.

Depth: 0-5 m.

The Revillagigedos, Isla del Coco and the Galapagos, also the Tres Marias Islands in the SE Gulf of California, vagrants at Cabo San Lucas, Costa Rica and Colombia.


Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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