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| Common names: snapper (English), pargo (Espanol) |
Lutjanus novemfasciatus Gill, 1862
Pacific dog snapper, Pacific cubera snapper
Body oblong, snout pointed; front and rear nostrils simple holes; mouth relatively large and protractile; teeth conical to caniniform, those at front of jaws generally enlarged and fang-like; tooth patch at central roof of mouth crescent shaped; sides of roof of mouth with 1 tooth patch; tongue with 1 or more patches of granular teeth; 16-17 gill rakers; preopercle serrated, lower margin notched; dorsal rays X, 14; dorsal continuous; anal rays III, 7-8; soft dorsal and anal with rounded ends; tail with straight edge; bases of soft dorsal and anal fins scaly; scale rows on upper back rising obliquely above lateral line.
Dark olive brown to copper red on back and sides, becoming silvery white on lower sides; juveniles and adults with 8-9 dusky brownish bars on upper half, these sometimes obscure in large fish, which have dark fins.
Size: attains about 170 cm and 45 Kg.
Inhabits rocky reefs, usually in or near shelter during the day; feeds largely on crustaceans and fishes at night; depth range about 4-35 m; adults can penetrate as much as 20 Km up rivers.
Depth: 2-60 m.
Southern California to the Gulf of California to Peru, Galapagos, Cocos and Malpelo.