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| Common names: triggerfish (English), calafate (Espanol), chancho (Espanol), cochito (Espanol), gatillo (Espanol) |
Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
Rough triggerfish, Spotted oceanic triggerfish
Body oblong, relatively elongated, robust, compressed; cheeks without longitudinal grooves; distinct groove before eye and below nostril; mouth small, opens at the front, with powerful jaws made up of 8 heavy, outer teeth on the upper and lower jaws, teeth uneven in size, notched; gill opening a short slit on side before pectoral base; III dorsal spines, 1st can be locked erect, 2nd >½ the size of 1st; dorsal rays III + 23-27; anal rays 20-27; pectoral rays 14- 15; soft dorsal and anal fins long and curved, the anterior rays well elevated, much longer than posterior rays; most rays of dorsal, anal and pectoral fins branched; tail base compressed, without spines, tubercles or ridges; caudal fin double concave, rounded in juveniles; pelvic fins externally reduced to 4 pairs of large scales encasing end of pelvis; thick leathery skin, with regularly arranged diagonal scale plates; snout without scales; no patch of enlarged scales immediately behind gill opening; lateral line inconspicuous.
Blue grey to nearly black, usually covered with small white spots.
Size: grows to 50 cm.
Habitat: In our region it is usually seen at offshore islands or far out to sea around floating debris such as logs.
Depth: 0-110 m.
Circumglobal in tropical seas. The mouth of the Gulf of California to Ecudaor, and the oceanic islands.