| Common names: flounder (English), sole (English), lenguado (Espanol) |
Xystreurys liolepis Jordan & Gilbert, 1880
Fantail sole, Fantail flounder
Body deep, height 50-55% of SL; head small 25% of SL, snout short; eyes on left side, close together; mouth 36-38% of head length, ends under middle lower eye; teeth small, conical, 1 row each jaw, better developed on blind side; 8-9 short, fat gill rakers; dorsal 73-80 rays, origin over front half of top eye; anal 57-62 rays; eye side pectoral equal to or longer than head; pelvics in symmetric position on belly, of equal sizes; lateral line strongly arched over pectoral fin, with branch under lower eye; urinary papilla on eye-side; scales on both sides of body smooth, small scales dispersed between large scales; lateral line with 120-123 scales.
Eye side grey-brown, streaked with darker brown and small pale spots; sometimes 2 large dark blotches on lateral line, 1 at end of arch, other before tail base; dorsal, anal and tail with dark spots, pectorals with dark bars; blind side white.
Size: 53 cm.
Habitat: mud and sand bottoms.
Depth: 5-136 m.
Southern California to the Gulf of California.
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, TEP non-endemic
Regional Endemism: All species, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic, Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily, California province, primarily, Continent, Continent only
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California), Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only
Water Column Position: Bottom, Bottom only
Habitat: Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove), Soft bottom only, Mud, Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat: Demersal
Habitat and Ecology
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.
Depth range (m): 2 - 49
Temperature range (°C): 21.311 - 21.311
Nitrate (umol/L): 0.144 - 0.144
Salinity (PPS): 34.228 - 34.228
Oxygen (ml/l): 5.074 - 5.074
Phosphate (umol/l): 0.352 - 0.352
Silicate (umol/l): 3.264 - 3.264
Depth range (m): 2 - 49
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
From 5 to 79 meters.
Habitat: demersal. Inhabits muddy and sandy bottoms, from 4.6-79 m depth. Usually buried in bottoms. Feeds almost exclusively on crustaceans. Marketed fresh (Ref. 9330).
Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Life History and Behavior
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Xystreurys liolepis
Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.
See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Xystreurys liolepis
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
CITES: Not listed
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems