| Common names: hogfish (English), wrasse (English), vieja (Espanol) |
Bodianus eclancheri (Valenciennes, 1846)
Harlequin hogfish, Harlequin wrasse, Galapagos hogfish
Body robust, compressed; large males with pronounced hump between eyes; snout pointed; a canine tooth at rear of top jaw, 2 pairs of strong canines at front of top and bottom jaws; dorsal fin XII, 10; anal fin III, 11-12; adult males with long filaments on tail fin lobes; pectoral rays 17; lateral line unbroken, smoothly arched; scales large, 31-33 with pores on lateral line.
Adult coloration extremely variable from uniformly dark grey or brownish to bright orange or white with highly irregular and variable pattern of black blotching; juveniles pale yellow to white with 3 black stripes on head and body, also margins of median fins black.
Size: grows to about 61 cm.
Habitat: rocky reefs.
Depth: 5-45 m.
Ecuador to central Chile, also Galapagos Islands; in the Galapagos it is usually seen on rocky reefs in the cooler waters of the western islands (Isabela and Fernandina).
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, TEP non-endemic
Regional Endemism: All species, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic, Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily, Peruvian province, primarily, Continent + Island (s), Continent, Island (s)
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo), South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
- Merlen, G. 1988 A field guide to the fishes of Galapagos. Wilmot Books, London, England 60 p. (Ref. 5590)
- Thomson, D.A. 1987 Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez. The rocky-shore fishes of the Gulf of California. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson. 302 p. (Ref. 5592)
Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only
Water Column Position: Near Bottom, Bottom, Bottom + water column
Habitat: Reef (rock &/or coral), Reef only, Rocks, Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated
Habitat and Ecology
Depth range (m): 8 - 8
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
From 5 to 46 meters.
Diet: mobile benthic worms, mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs), mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves, octopus/squid/cuttlefish, sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins, bony fishes
Life History and Behavior
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Bodianus eclancheri
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
CITES: Not listed
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
to fishing pressure in Galapagos. This fish is collected for the aquarium trade (Beltrán-León and Herrera, 2000), and minor captures are made by Galapagos artisanal fishers. Also, given this species preference for temperate waters, future oceanographic environmental changes associated with ENSO and global warming events may have detrimental effects on the marine ecosystems and this species, especially in the northern portion of its range (Gynn and Ault 2000, Chen et al. 2004, Soto 2001).
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems