IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: needlefish (English), agujón (Espanol), marao (Espanol)
Strongylura exilis (Girard, 1854)

California needlefish,     Pike needlefish

Body elongate, rounded, relatively robust; beak relatively short; no gill rakers; tail slightly concave; no keel on round tail base; front lobe of anal larger than on dorsal; low lobes at rear of dorsal and anal fins; 11-12 pectoral rays, 13-17 dorsal rays; 16-19 anal rays; 274-330 scales in front of dorsal fin; 67-74 vertebrae; only left ovary present.

Back blue green; belly silver; dark blue stripe along mid-flank; dark pigment at junction of cheek and operculum extends down only to level of center of eye; bone in front of eye not pigmented; fins and eye yellowish.

        Size: 91 cm.

Habitat: coastal, lagoons with mangroves, enters freshwater.

Depth: surface 0-10 m.

        California to the Gulf of California and to Chile, the Revillagigedos, Cocos and the Galapagos.


Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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