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| Common names: anchoveta (English), anchoa (Espanol), anchoveta (Espanol) |
Cetengraulis mysticetus (Gunther, 1867)
Deep body, strongly compressed; snout sharply pointed; top jaw short, not extending beyond front edge of preoperculum, its tip bluntly rounded; no teeth on lower jaw; gill rakers fine and numerous, up to 60 lower rakers in large fish; membrane below gill covers expanded at rear and broadly joined; dorsal fin 15-17, origin at about midbody; pectoral long, reaching to pelvics; anal fin base long (20-27 rays), origin under last 1/3 of dorsal.
Bluish on back, silvery white below; a silver midlateral stripe in smaller fish, disappearing at about 6-9cm length.
Size: reaches about 22 cm, common to 10-12 cm.
Habitat: forms large schools over muddy inshore areas.
Depth: 0-32 m.
Southern California to the Gulf of California to Peru, the Revillagigedos and the Galapagos.