Scientists aim to describe a single 'tree of life' that reflects the evolutionary relationships of living things. However, evolutionary relationships are a matter of ongoing discovery, and there are different opinions about how living things should be grouped and named. EOL reflects these differences by supporting several different scientific 'classifications'. Some species have been named more than once. Such duplicates are listed under synonyms. EOL also provides support for common names which may vary across regions as well as languages.

Preferred marks the preferred classification for this taxon.

Recognized By Rank Classification
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013
view in classification
IABIN resource
BOLDS resource for species-level taxa
DiscoverLife ID keys resource
  • Sphyraena ensis
DiscoverLife map resource
  • Sphyraena ensis
view in classification
view in classification
FishWisePro resource
Genome 10K Project Vertebrates
  • Sphyraena ensis
Global Biotic Interactions Species
BOLDS images II Species
IUCN Red List Import
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
view in classification
NCBI Taxonomy
view in classification
OBIS Environmental Information
  • Sphyraena ensis Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
OBIS depth range resource
STRI Neotropical Fishes
STRI Neotropical fish distribution maps
AquaMaps Resource
IUCN Structured Data
iNaturalist Images Species


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

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