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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits sandy or muddy floors of shallow inlet waters. Usually in large schools among branching corals, seawhip gardens and black coral bushes to about 15 m depth. Small juveniles in surface waters and sometimes in small groups along beach edges in quite bays and settle with crinoids or urchins (Ref. 48635). Usually processed into fishmeal (Ref. 2858).
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and Arabian Gulf (Ref. 11441) to New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to New South Wales, Australia.
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Arabian Gulf east to New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to New South Wales (Australia).
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10 - 12; Analsoft rays: 11 - 12
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Size

Maximum size: 150 mm TL
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Max. size

15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. ))
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Inhabits sandy or muddy floors of shallow inlet waters.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Silvery with reddish brown to blackish mid-lateral stripe. Main dorsal spine moderately long and without joint (Ref. 48635).Description: Characterized by extremely thin or flattened and nearly transparent body; first dorsal spine horizontal and projecting beyond tail tip, rigid, without movable segment posteriorly; grooved interorbital (Ref 90102).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; brackish; marine; depth range 2 - 100 m (Ref. 37816), usually 2 - 15 m (Ref. 90102)
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Depth range based on 297 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 125 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 4.7477 - 333
  Temperature range (°C): 24.169 - 28.897
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.026 - 5.762
  Salinity (PPS): 34.112 - 39.819
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.378 - 4.747
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.054 - 0.475
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.798 - 9.099

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 4.7477 - 333

Temperature range (°C): 24.169 - 28.897

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.026 - 5.762

Salinity (PPS): 34.112 - 39.819

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.378 - 4.747

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.054 - 0.475

Silicate (umol/l): 0.798 - 9.099
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Trophic Strategy

Found on the continental shelf. Schooling species (Ref. 75154).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Centriscus scutatus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.

Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

AGCCTCCTTATCCGGGCAGAACTAAGCCAACCAGGCGCACTTCTTGGAGAC---GATCAAATTTATAATGTTATTGTTACCGCCCACGCCTTTGTAATAATCTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCAATCATGATTGGGGGTTTTGGCAACTGACTAATCCCATTAATG---ATTGGAGCACCCGACATGGCATTCCCTCGAATAAACAACATAAGCTTCTGACTCCTCCCTCCCTCATTTCTCCTCCTTTTGGCCTCTTCTGGTGTAGAAGCAGGAGCTGGCACCGGATGAACAGTATACCCACCCCTTGCTGGAAACCTGGCCCACGCCGGAGCTTCAGTAGATTTA---ACTATTTTCTCCCTTCATCTAGCAGGTATCTCATCAATTCTTGGCGCAATTAACTTTATCACTACAATTATTAACATGAAGTCCCCTGCTGTTTCGCAGTATCAAACCCCTCTTTTTGTGTGAGCTGTTTTAATTACAGCCGTTCTTCTTCTCCTGTCCCTCCCAGTCCTAGCTGCT---GGAATTACCATGCTTCTAACAGATCGAAATCTAAAC
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Centriscus scutatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Genomic DNA is available from 1 specimen with morphological vouchers housed at Queensland Museum
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© Ocean Genome Legacy

Source: Ocean Genome Resource

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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: commercial
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